Motivation and emotion/Assessment/Chapter

Book chapter - Guidelines
Collaborative online book chapter authoring exercise


Author an online book chapter up to 4,000 words about a unique, specific motivation or emotion topic. Topics must be approved by the unit convener. Includes a social contribution component.


  1. Weight: 45%
  2. Due: Week 11 Mon 9am 09 Oct 2023
  3. Create an interesting, professional, freely available, online book chapter about a unique motivation or emotion topic.
  4. Apply psychological theory and research knowledge to help people live more effective motivational and emotional lives.
  5. Contribute meaningfully to the development of other book chapters (e.g., by providing online feedback).

Learning outcomesEdit

How the learning outcomes are addressed by this assessment exercise:

Learning outcome Assessment task
Integrate theories and current research towards explaining the role of motivation and emotions in human behaviour. Use the most relevant theories and peer-reviewed research to explain a specific motivation or emotion topic.
Critically apply knowledge of motivation or emotion to an indepth understanding of a specific topic in this field. Explain how psychological science can be applied to a specific motivation or emotion topic. Use figures, examples, and/or other interactive learning features to illustrate how this knowledge can apply to understanding human behaviour in everyday life.

Graduate attributesEdit

How the graduate attributes are addressed by this assessment exercise:

Graduate attribute Assessment task
Be professional - communicate effectively Review scholarly knowledge in an open, online environment and address feedback.
Be professional - display initiative and drive Produce an online book chapter about a novel motivation or emotion topic.
Be professional - up-to-date knowledge and skills Utilise the most relevant psychological theory and research to address a practical question.
Be professional - solve problems via thinking Use critical thinking to explain how psychological science can address real-world problems.
Be a global citizen - informed and balanced Provide a balanced, critical chapter which is accessible to a lay audience.
Be a global citizen - communicate diversely Collaborate with peers to communicate knowledge openly with a global audience.
Be a global citizen - creative use of technology Learn how to collaborate using wiki technology.
Be a lifelong learner - engage in new ideas Engage in a collaborative learning culture by incorporating feedback and suggestions.
Be a lifelong learner - evaluate and adopt new technology Experience project work in a collaborative, online editing environment.


Follow these general guidelines and address the marking criteria:

  1. Theme: Chapters should fit the book theme which is "understanding and improving our motivational and emotional lives using psychological science".
  2. Audience: The target audience is a general (non-topic-expert) reader interested in personal growth and development based on knowledge in psychological science (theory and research). This is a science communication exercise.
  3. Wikiversity: Present the chapter as a single page on the English Wikiversity website. A link to the chapter should appear in the table of contents along with the lead author's Wikiversity user name.
  4. Topic: The title and sub-title must be approved by the unit convener.
  5. Collaboration and feedback:
    1. Chapters should be independently developed and written primarily by the lead author, but collaboration is strongly encouraged (e.g., by incorporating useful edits and feedback from others).
    2. Lead authors are encouraged to seek feedback about the chapter during the drafting process (e.g., start a UCLearn discussion thread).
    3. Feedback is usually best placed on the chapter's wiki discussion page.
    4. Feedback on the topic development (chapter plan) will be provided by the unit convener.
  6. Length (Word count):
    1. There is no minimum length.
    2. Maximum 4,000 words. Words beyond this will not be considered for marking purposes. Count everything from top to bottom of the editable page (in view mode, not edit mode):
      1. Include the title, subtitle, table of contents, headings, text, tables, figures, references, see also, and external links.
      2. Do not include the top and side navigation bars or content in linked Appendices (see subpages).
      3. There is no additional 10% allowance.
      4. Use this Word count tool (Google Chrome Extension) or cut and paste into a word processing document. Don't use the in-built Wikiversity word count (it underestimates).
    3. If you are having difficulties complying with the maximum word count, see these suggestions.
  7. Submission: Submit the chapter URL (website address) and your Wikiversity user name via UCLearn.

Marking criteriaEdit

Book chapters will be marked according to the following criteria:

  1. Overview (5%): Provide an easy to read and understandable overview of the chapter. Explain the practical problem to be solved in an engaging way. Bring the problem to life (e.g., through an example or case study), outline key concepts, and establish focus question(s).
  2. Theory (20%): Effective use of key motivation or emotion theoretical concepts to explain the topic and develop an answer to the question(s). Demonstrate critical thinking in application of the theory(ies). Utilise at least the best dozen or so peer-reviewed theory references about the topic.
    1. Breadth (10%):
      1. Provide a theoretical framework for understanding the topic.
      2. Select the most relevant psychological theories/models that apply to the problem. Depending on the topic, this may involve focusing on a single theory or comparing and contrasting two or more theories.
    2. Depth (10%):
      1. Clearly explain and integrate the theory(ies).
      2. Include illustrative examples, such as case studies.
      3. Demonstrate a critical perspective.
  3. Research (25%): Critically analyse key peer-reviewed research findings and explain the implications. Utilise at least the best dozen or so peer-reviewed research references about the topic.
    1. Key findings (20%):
      1. Explain how key, peer-reviewed research findings apply to the problem.
      2. Include major reviews.
    2. Critical thinking (5%): Critically analyse the research discussed.
  4. Integration (10%): Integrate discussion of theory and review of relevant research. Use the research to inform consideration of the utility of the theory(ies).
  5. Conclusion (5%): Emphasise the key points and take-home messages (what is the "golden nugget"?), particularly in relation to the subtitle and any focus questions, with implications for personal growth and development.
  6. Written expression (25%): Present and illustrate the problem and knowledge in an interesting and readable way, using a logical structure and clear layout, correct spelling and grammar, interactive learning features (e.g., figures, tables, and/or case studies), and APA style.
    1. Style (20%):
      1. The chapter should be readable for a layperson interested in psychological science.
      2. The chapter should address the book theme by providing practical, academically sound, self-improvement information.
      3. Write for an international audience (i.e., avoid an overly local or national perspective).
      4. Narrative point of view[1]:
        1. In the main text, use 3rd person perspective (e.g., "it", "they").
        2. Where asides are used, such as examples, case studies, and feature boxes, 1st person perspective (e.g., "I" and "we") and/or 2nd person perspective (e.g., "you") can work well.
      5. Structure
        1. Use a logical heading structure.
        2. Sub-headings are optional. Avoid using a single sub-heading - sections should contain 0 or 2+ sub-headings.
        3. If sub-headings are used, provide at least one introductory paragraph before branching into sub-sections.
      6. Paragraphs
        1. A well-constructed paragraph is generally 3 to 5 sentences (opening sentence, body sentences, and a concluding/linking sentence). Avoid one sentence paragraphs and overly long paragraphs.
        2. Paragraphs should flow logically from one to the next.
      7. Use APA style (as much as reasonably possible), paying particular attention to citations, references, table and figure captions, and quotes.
      8. Use default wiki style for paragraph alignment, font colour, type, and size, and heading styles.
      9. Use Australian spelling (e.g., hypothesize vs. hypothesise; behavior vs. behaviour; fulfillment vs. fulfilment).
      10. Use correct grammar (e.g., see writing tips).
      11. Citations
        1. Use APA style or wiki citation style. Only use one style throughout the chapter - don't mix and match. For most psychology students, APA style will be the choice.
        2. Use a maximum of three citations per point (i.e., avoid four or more citations together).
      12. References
        1. List cited academic references in APA style or wiki citation style. Only use one style to list references.
        2. Non-academic sources should not be used in references. They could be included in the external links section.
    2. Learning features (5%): Invite interactivity through features such as:
      1. Case studies: Include one or more examples, scenarios, or case studies. They can be true (if so, include citations) or fictional. Use these examples to enhance understanding of theory, research, focus questions, and/or take-home messages. Consider presenting in a feature box and perhaps including a figure. Consider using a "progressive case study" (i.e., a case study presented in separate parts which describe, for example, the problem, attempt at change, and resolution/outcomes). Examples of chapters which make effective use of case studies:
        1. emotional abuse (2019)
        2. food and fear (2019)
        3. opioid system and human emotion (2019)
        4. social support and emotion (2019).
      2. Feature boxes: Use to highlight key information, but avoid overuse. There are various ways of creating coloured boxes, but the RoundBox template is a good option.
      3. Figures: Include relevant, accompanying figures (e.g., photos, drawings, diagrams) to facilitate readers' understanding of the concepts. Figures should be accompanied by explanatory captions and be cited at least once in the main text. For more information, see How to use figures).
      4. Links:
        1. In-text (embedded) links: Key words and concepts should be linked to Wikipedia articles and/or related book chapters. Provide in-text wiki links the first time that key concepts are mentioned. For example:
          1. This sentence includes a link to the Wikipedia article about emotion. The syntax for creating this link is [[w:Emotion|emotion]]). It is also possible to link to a section on this same page e.g., <nowiki>Overview<nowiki> will link to the Overview section.
          2. This chapter provides an excellent example of embedded links to Wikiversity pages.
        2. See also: Provide up to about half a dozen wiki links to related Wikiversity book chapters and/or Wikipedia articles.
        3. External links
          1. Provide at least a couple of links to high quality, relevant external resources.
          2. Include author and/or source in parentheses.
          3. If its a published academic source, it probably should be in the references section.
      5. Tables: Use accompanying tables to help organise information and communicate concepts to readers. Tables should be accompanied by APA style explanatory captions. See example.
      6. Quizzes: Consider using quiz questions or reflection questions. Focus on key concepts rather than trivia. Incorporate throughout the chapter rather than lots at the end.
  7. Social contribution (10%):
    1. Social contribution refers to editing which enhances the quality of other book chapters. Useful actions include, but are not restricted to:
      1. direct edits which improve past or current chapters or flag potential improvements by adding clarification templates - search for chapters to improve
      2. feedback contributed to book chapter talk pages
      3. creating and/or uploading free-to-use images to Wikimedia Commons
      4. UCLearn discussion posts
      5. Tweets using the #emot22 hashtag.
    2. In order to be accepted for marking purposes, contributions must be publicly logged (i.e., with a user name and time-stamp) and summarised on your Wikiversity user page (in a section called "Social contributions") using a numbered list with hyperlinks to direct evidence for each contribution. For info about how to do this, see summarising social contributions.
    3. Contributions are assessed based on their:
      1. Quantity (breadth) refers to the scope and quantity of contribution, including:
        1. the number of different chapters contributed to
        2. range of communication channels used
      2. Quality (depth) refers to the contributions':
        1. insightfulness
        2. practical value
      3. Timeliness recognises that there is:
        1. greater value in earlier contributions
        2. lesser value in "last minute" feedback
    4. Marks will be allocated to each summarised social contribution with direct links to evidence as follows:
      1. Minor <= 0.25%
      2. Moderate 0.50%
      3. Major 1.00%
      4. Very significant > 1.00%
      5. Bonus marks up to 5.00% may be awarded for exceptional levels of contribution.

Grade descriptionsEdit

This section describes typical characteristics of chapters at each grade level, based on the marking criteria.

Grade Description
HD (High Distinction) A professional, near-publishable, interesting, informative, insightful, readable explanation of relevant psychological theory and research about a well-defined, unique motivation or emotion topic. The chapter has a well-organised layout and headings, with relevant and well-captioned accompanying figures, tables, and/or figures. Excellent spelling, grammar, and APA style is used. The chapter makes effective use of wiki links to other relevant chapters and/or Wikipedia articles. Additional interactive learning features are included. Substantial social contributions are made to the development of other chapters, such as particularly useful peer review comments on several chapter talk pages across at least half of the semester.
DI (Distinction) A very good chapter, with several professional-level aspects. The chapter is informative, accurate and insightful, covering key relevant theory and research. The material is very competently handled and well-written, with minimal spelling and grammar issues. Layout is clear and effective. Good use is made of wiki links, tables, and figures. References are in very good APA style. The chapter includes additional learning features. Helpful contributions were made to some other chapters over at least a month.
CR (Credit) A competent chapter with reasonably informative and insightful content which includes moderately good coverage of relevant theory and research. Some aspects of the theory or research coverage may be missing, limited, or problematic. Integration of theory and research is less assured than at higher levels. Layout and headings are reasonably useful, but could probably also be improved (e.g., by being more detailed). References are in reasonable APA style, but often several corrections are needed. Some wiki links, figures, and/or additional learning features are provided, but could have been developed further. Some helpful contributions were made over at least a couple of weeks to at least a couple of other chapters.
P (Pass) The chapter provides a satisfactory, basic explanation of relevant theory and research, but lacks the depth and/or comprehensiveness that is characteristic of higher grade chapters. The chapter may struggle to clearly conceptualise the topic, organise the structure and layout, contribute to the book theme, and/or may lack depth and originality. Spelling and grammar problems are often prevalent. Citation and referencing tends to be limited in scope and quality, often with reliance on only a few (or less) high-quality peer-review references. There may relatively little meaningful use of figures or additional learning features. These chapters typically have a brief edit history (e.g., less than 2 weeks) and often read like an early draft which would benefit from more drafting to address feedback, and better proofreading. Often chapters of this standard are noticeably shorter than chapters which attract higher grades. Chapter authors often haven't sought or acted upon feedback. Some useful social contributions to at some other chapters are made, but this tends to be fairly basic and made towards the end of the drafting period.
F (Fail) The chapter does not demonstrate a satisfactory grasp of key psychological theory and research which pertains to the a specific, unique motivation or emotion topic. Major gaps and/or errors in content are evident, sometimes with little to no use of peer-reviewed references. These chapters typically have under-developed heading structures and the content of often brief or incomplete. Layout and readability is often poor and the quality of written expression is often undermined by poor spelling and/or grammar. Sometimes plagiarism may be evident. Generally, there is a lack of sufficient effort (e.g., these chapters often have short tend to have last-minute editing histories) and have attracted little, if any, peer review. Little to no social contribution is made to the development of other book chapters.

Submission and markingEdit

  1. Submit via UCLearn.
  2. Submissions will be evaluated according to the marking criteria.
  3. Late submissions will be penalised -5% per day late, up to 7 days late. Submissions more than 7 days late will be awarded 0.
  4. For assessment submitted by the original due date, marks and feedback should be returned within three weeks of the due date.
    1. Marks will be available via UCLearn
    2. Feedback will be available via the book chapter's talk/discussion page.
    3. Availability of marks and feedback will be notified via UCLearn Announcements.
  5. If you don't understand or disagree with your mark and/or feedback, then please see the marking dispute process.


Examples of high quality book chapter submissions:

For more examples, see the  s in the lists of previous book chapters.


Contributions to Wikiversity are made under Creative Commons 3.0 Share-alike (CC-BY-SA 3.0) and GFDL licenses which are irrevocable. These licenses give permission for others to edit and re-use contributed content, with appropriate acknowledgement. For more information, see the Wikimedia Foundation's Terms of use. If you do not wish to contribute your work under this license, discuss alternative options with the unit convener.

See alsoEdit