Wikiversity:General disclaimer

General disclaimer - Use Wikiversity at your own risk! - Wikiversity contains content you may find objectionable. - Effort is made to create and maintain an extensive and accurate collection of learning resources, but errors can sometimes escape notice.


Wikiversity can be edited by anyone. Effort is made by custodians and other dedicated Wikiversity participants to ensure the accuracy of information and conform to laws such as copyright law. However, Wikiversity has no control over the contributions of individuals who add content to Wikiversity webpages. Content here may be objectionable, illegal, erroneous, or otherwise hazardous.

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Use this website at your own risk.

If you find a problem with Wikiversity content, please either fix it yourself, contact us or ask questions. Our goal is to correct all problems, but we need your help.

Use Wikiversity At Your Own Risk!

Wikiversity is an online open-content voluntary association of individuals and groups who are working to develop learning resources released under the terms of the CC-BY-SA-3.0 license. Its structure allows any individual with an Internet connection and World Wide Web browser to alter the content found here. Therefore, please be advised that nothing found here has necessarily been reviewed by professionals who are knowledgeable in the particular areas of expertise necessary to provide you with complete, accurate or reliable information about any article in Wikiversity. If you do not want your writing to be edited mercilessly and redistributed at will, then don't submit it to Wikiversity. Do not rely on the accuracy of any information available from Wikiversity. Double-check information with independent sources to ascertain that any information you receive from Wikiversity is correct and has been verified. If you need specific and reliable advice (for example, medical, legal, risk management) please seek a professional licensed or knowledgeable in that area. Any information found here may not correspond with the current state of human knowledge or may have been altered by people who may not have the expertise required to provide you with complete, adequate or reliable information or who may not be qualified to provide informed advice about adequate safety precautions or steps you can take to prevent injury, bodily damage or other damages to your person, property or reputation. In any case, Wikiversity is a work in progress, and many modules may contain errors, duplication, vandalism, or simply need tender loving care. We encourage readers to help us fix these problems. Essentially all modules are written primarily or solely by individuals who are not subject matter experts, and may lack academic credentials in the area. Wikiversity's coverage of subjects may be patchy, based on the whims of its volunteer contributors. Readers should not judge the importance of topics based on their coverage, or assume that a topic is important merely because it is the subject of a module on Wikiversity.

None of the authors, contributors, sponsors, custodians, or anyone else connected with Wikiversity in any way whatsoever can be responsible for the appearance of any inaccurate or libelous information or your use of the information contained in or linked from these web pages.

YOU ARE BEING GRANTED A LIMITED LICENSE TO COPY ANYTHING FROM THIS SITE; HOWEVER, IT DOES NOT CREATE OR IMPLY ANY AGREEMENT, UNDERSTANDING OR CONTRACT BETWEEN YOU AND THE OWNERS OR USERS OF THIS SITE, THE OWNERS OF THE SERVERS UPON WHICH WIKIVERSITY IS HOUSED, THE INDIVIDUAL WIKIVERSITY CONTRIBUTORS, ANY PROJECT CUSTODIANS OR ANYONE ELSE WHO IS IN ANY WAY CONNECTED WITH WIKIVERSITY, ITS AGENTS, MEMBERS, ORGANIZERS. OR ITS SISTERS PROJECTS SUBJECT TO OR LIABLE FOR ANY OF YOUR CLAIMS AGAINST THEM DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY. BY USING WIKIVERSITY, YOU ARE AGREEING THAT THE INFORMATION MADE AVAILABLE TO YOU BY WIKIVERSITY IS BEING PROVIDED FREELY TO YOU GRATUITOUSLY, AS IS, AT YOUR OWN RISK, WITHOUT WARRANTY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, IMPLIED OR OTHERWISE. In plain English this means, that only you are responsible for any damages that may result as a consequence from any attempt to use or adopt any information or disinformation available on this website or any websites link to from this one and that no damages can be sought against anyone for whatever use you may put the information to. This includes, but is not limited to, individual users, authors, contributors, writers, custodians, developers, sponsors, owners, owners of the servers upon which Wikiversity is housed, or anyone else connected or associated with Wikiversity or its agents.

Any of the trademarks, service marks, collective marks, design rights, personality rights or similar rights that are mentioned, used or cited in the articles of the Wikiversity compendium are the property of their respective owners. Their use here does not imply that you may use them for any other purpose other than for the same or a similar informational use as contemplated by the original authors of these Wikiversity articles under the CC-BY-SA licensing scheme. Unless otherwise stated Wikiversity and Wikimedia sites are neither endorsed nor affiliated with any of the holders of any such rights and as such Wikiversity can not grant any rights to use any otherwise protected materials. Your use of any such or similar incorporeal property is at your own risk.

Wikiversity cannot guarantee, the validity, accuracy or reliability of any information found here. Nothing on or any Wikimedia Foundation project, should be construed as an attempt to offer or render a professional opinion, or otherwise engage in the practice of medicine or law. Please note that that the information found here may be in violation of the laws of the country or jurisdiction from where you are viewing this information. Wikiversity does not encourage the violation of any laws, but as this information is stored on servers in the United States of America, it is being maintained in reference to the protections afforded to all under the United States Constitution's First Amendment and under the principles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations. The laws in your country may not recognize as broad a protection of free speech as the laws of the United States or the principles under the UN Charter, and as such, Wikiversity cannot be responsible for any potential violations of such laws should you link to this domain or use any of the information contained herein in any way whatsoever.

Some topics may be censored by educational, governmental, corporate, parental and other filtering schemes.

  • Some Wikiversity modules discuss words or language that are considered profane, vulgar or offensive by some readers.
  • Wikiversity contains many different images, some of which are considered objectionable or offensive by some readers. For example, some modules contain graphical depictions of violence, or depictions of human anatomy.
  • Many modules contain frank discussion of controversial topics. Some subjects that are discussed have criminal applications in some jurisdictions. Others contain information on dangerous or otherwise risky activities.
  • Wikiversity may contain triggers for people with post-traumatic stress disorder.
Wikiversity is not uniformly peer reviewed; while readers may correct errors or remove erroneous suggestions they have no legal duty to do so and thus all information read here is without any implied warranty of fitness for any purpose or use whatsoever.

No consequential damages can be sought against Wikiversity, as it is a voluntary association of individuals developed freely to create various open source online educational, cultural and informational resources. This information is being given to you gratuitously and there is no agreement or understanding between you and Wikiversity regarding your use or modification of this information beyond the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License‎; neither is anyone at Wikiversity responsible should someone change, edit, modify or remove any information that you may post on Wikiversity or any of its associated projects.

Thank you for spending the time to read this page, and please enjoy your experience at Wikiversity.

Wikiversity Does Not Give Medical Advice Or Legal Opinions

Wikiversity contains modules on medical and legal topics; however no warranty whatsoever is made that any of the modules are accurate. The information provided on Wikiversity is, at best, of a general nature and cannot substitute for the advice of a licensed professional (for instance, a qualified doctor/physician, nurse, pharmacist/chemist, lawyer, and so on). There is absolutely no assurance that any statement contained in a module touching on medical or legal matters is true, correct or precise. Even if a statement made about medicine or the law is accurate, it may not apply to your situation or it may only be accurate in the jurisdiction (place) of the person posting the information; as well, the law may have changed, been modified or overturned by subsequent development since the entry was made. Law varies from place to place and it evolves over time — sometimes quite quickly. Wikiversity is not a doctor or lawyer.

This disclaimer is adapted from the General Disclaimer in use at