Social Victorians/Timeline/1897

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Sometime in 1897Edit

The year 1897 was the year of Victoria's Diamond Jubilee.

January 1897Edit

1 January 1897, Friday, New Year's DayEdit

1 January 1897, WednesdayEdit

Muriel Wilson, along with Mrs. Arthur Stanley Wilson, attended the Warwickshire Hunt Ball.[1]

February 1897Edit

1897 February, Muriel Wilson was part of a group who visited Dublin Castle to visit the Lord Lieutenant and Countess Cadogan:

The following, among other guests, have arrived at Dublin Castle on a visit to the Lord Lieutenant and Countess Cadogan: — The Earl and Countess of Arran, the Countess of Dunraven and the Ladies Wyndham-Quin, the Earl of Portarlington, Viscount and Viscountess Duncannon, Lady Rossmore, Sir Richard and Lady Magdelen / William Bulkeley, Colonel the Hon. Charles and Miss Chrichton, Mrs. Menzies and Miss Muriel Wilson, Mr. Mildmay, M.P., and Miss Mildmay, the Hon. Thomas Egerton, and Mr. Portman. On Tuesday night their Excellencies gave a dinner, followed by a ball in St. Patrick’s Hall, and to-day there will be another dinner and ball. Lord and Lady Cadogan and their guests intended to be present at Lady Roberts’s ball at the royal Hospital last night.[2]

7 February 1897, SundayEdit

Probably the second week of February: "… in addition to his own concerts [Dolmetsch] took part in William Poel's Twelfth Night production at the Hall of the Middle Temple, where the play had been performed in 1601. A very distinguished audience were gathered together, among them Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, sitting as a Bencher of the Inn, Princess Louise and the Duke of Teck."[3]

10 February 1897, WednesdayEdit

The Duchess of Devonshire's second reception for the season, at Devonshire House, Picadilly.

End of February 1897Edit

<quote>The fun at the end of last week was at Melton where … and Lady Huntington was to entertain Mrs. Hwfa Williams, Mrs. Stanley Wilson and Miss Muriel Wilson, Lord Stavordale, and Mr. Marjoribanks.</quote> Hard to tell if there was one or several parties, including at least one ball: <quote>… Lady Dudley stayed with lady Gerard for the Hunt Ball. Everyone said it was the smartest country ball they had seen for a long time. It was, indeed, quite like a very smart London one, only much cheerier and brighter-looking on account of al the men’s red coats. All the hunting world had parties for it, and all the women wore their best frocks and their diamonds too. … The two prettiest girls in the room were Miss Enid Wilson in white and Miss Muriel Wilson in white and silver with a soft blue sash.</quote>[4]

March 1897Edit

Sometime in March 1897, Wynn Westcott resigned from the Golden Dawn.

Sometime in March 1897, Wynn Westcott wrote Frederick Gardner, telling him to ask Florence Farr to "choose a gentleman adept friend" to act as intermediary -- but not W. A. Ayton.[5]

April 1897Edit

16 April 1897, FridayEdit

Good Friday

18 April 1897, SundayEdit

Easter Sunday

May 1897Edit

Some William Rothenstein drawings made in May 1897 are now at Jesses, Haslemere.[6]

3 May 1897, MondayEdit

"Inaugural performance of the New Century Theatre, a rival to the independent, established by William Archer, Elizabeth Robins, H. W. Massingham, and Alfred Sutro, on order to promote experimental drama."[7]

5 May 1897, WednesdayEdit

Florence Farr called a meeting of the Golden Dawn (or the Inner Order?), which was held at 62 Oakley Square.[8]

6 May 1897, ThursdayEdit

H. C. Morris got Edward Berridge's "pamphlet" with the footnote about Annie Horniman and the handwritten "doggerrel."[9]

9 May 1897, SundayEdit

Annie Horniman was living at H. I. Montague Mansions, Portman Square, London.[10]

15 May 1897, SaturdayEdit

1897 May 15–17, Muriel Wilson was at a weekend house party at Warwick Castle: <quote>The most interesting Saturday-to-Monday house party this year was at Warwick Castle, where Mr Balfour was the fellow-guests with Lord Rosebery and Mr Asquith. Miss Muriel Wilson and Mr Buckle, editor of ‘The Times’ have been among the guests.</quote>[11]

Same house-party at Warwick Castle:

The Countess of Warwick entertained the following distinguished house party at Warwick Castle at the end of last week: — The Portuguese Minister, the Earl of Rosebery, Earl of Crewe, Lady Randolph Churchill, Lord and Lady Algernon Gordon Lennox, the Right Hon. A. J. Balfour, the Right Hon. H. and Mrs. Asquith, the Hon. H. Lady Feodorowna Sturt, Mr. and the Hon. Mrs. Maguire, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Grenfell, Mr. and Mrs. J. Menzies, Miss Muriel Wilson, Lord Kenyon, Lady Gerard, Major-General Arthur Ellis, the Hon. John Baring, the Hon. Sidney Greville, Major Wynn Finch, Mr. Buckle (the “Times”), Mr. Cecil Grenfell, Mr. Warrender, and Mr. T. Byard. The distinguished guests arrived at the Castle on Saturday afternoon. The Earl of Rosebery reached Warwick at four o’clock, and was driven to the Castle by Lady Warwick in her carriage and pair. Mr. Arthur Balfour come down to Leamington by the Zulu express, and rode on this bicycle to the Castle. He looked bronzed and healthy, although he has only recently recovered from an illness. On Sunday morning a number of the guests attended Divine service at St. Mary’s Church. Lord Warwick was present with the Corporation, as Mayor of the borough; and Lady Warwick was accompanied by Lord Rosebery. Lord Crewe, Mrs. Asquith, Mr. and the Hon. Mrs. Rochefort Maguire, Lord Algernon Gordon Lennox, Miss Muriel Wilson, Lady Marjorie Greville, and Miss Hamilton. The Rev. A. C. Irvine, M.A., was the preacher. Lord Rosebery was at once recognized as he left the church with the Castle party. The appearance of the Countess of Warwick at the meeting of the Birmingham Lifeboat Saturday Committee, held at the Council House, Birmingham last week, caused a big flutter among the ladies present. Her ladyship was attired in a striking costume of navy blue serge, faced with military braid, with lappels of the bodice trimmed with yellow silk. The Countess had travelled from London to preside at the meeting, and had to rush away before the proceedings were over in order to get to Warwick, where she was to preside over another gathering. The pupils of Warwick School of Art have been invited by the Countess of Warwick to prepare designs for the cover of the handbook of the Education Section of the Victorian Era Exhibition, of which her ladyship is president.

The Earl and Countess of Warwick will, as stated in last week’s “Courier” entertain all the day and Sunday School children at the Castle on the 1st of June. They number about two thousand five hundred. On the 3rd of June the leading burgesses of the town, to the number of about thousand are invited to a garden party. The Lord Mayor and Lady Mayoress of London, the Lord Mayor and Lady Mayoress of Birmingham, the Mayors and Mayoresses of Coventry, Stratford, Leamington, and Sutton Coldfield, will be amongst the guests. The next day the farm tenantry on the estates of the Earl and Countess in Warwickshire, Staffordshire, Somersetshire, Northamptonshire, and Essex, will be entertained, being conveyed to and from Warwick by special trains.

Among those who lunched with the Countess of Warwick at the Castle on Wednesday were the Bishop of Worcester, the Hon. T. A. Brassey the Rev. M. Hare, the Rev. Dr. Newman Hall, the Rev. W. J. and Mrs. Mathams, and the Directors of the British and Foreign Sailors' Society.[12]

25 May 1897, TuesdayEdit

Sullivan's ballet Victoria and Merrie England opened at the Alhambra Theatre, Leicester Square; Sullivan conducted at least the first performance.[13]

27 May 1897, ThursdayEdit

Thursday, 27 May 1897, 2:30 p.m. On Friday, 28 May 1897, in "Court Circular" the London Times reported on the funeral of Sir Wollaston Franks:

The funeral of Sir Augustus Wollaston Franks, F.R.S., president of the Society of Antiquaries, took place yesterday at Kensal-green Cemetery. The service was held at St. Andrew's Church, Ashley-place, the Rev. H. E. Hall, nephew of Sir Augustus Franks, officiating. The chief mourners were Miss Franks, a sister, Mrs. Nesbitt, a sister, the Misses Hall, nieces, Mr. Frederick Franks and Mr. Amyard Hall, nephews, Mr. T. L. Murray Browne, and Mr. C. H. Read, F.R.S. A large number of the members of the Society of Antiquaries and the Royal Society and others attended, among them being Sir E. J. Poynter, P.R.A., Sir Clements Markham (president of the Royal Geographical Society), Sir John Evans, the Bishop of Stepney, Sir Henry Howorth, M.P., Sir J. C. Robinson, Sir Frederic W. Burton, Sir E. Maunde Thompson (librarian, British Museum), the Earl of Crawford, Viscount Dillon, Professor R. K. Douglas, Mr. J. Luard Pattisson, C.B., Mr. B. V. Head, Mr. E. Freshfield, LL.D. (treasurer of the Society of Antiquaries), Mr. Stanley Leighton, M.P., Mr. J. Leighton, Mr. W. Foster (secretary, Hakluyt Society), Mr. E. A. Bond, C.B., Mr. F. G. Hilton Price (director of the Society of Antiquaries), Mr. F. A. Eason (secretary of the Royal Academy), Mr. Philip [Col. 1a/Col. 2b] Norman, Mr. Willis Bund, Mr. H. O. [?] Maxwell Lyte, C.B., Mr. H. B. Wheatley, Mr. C. Purdon Clarke, Mr. W. de G. Birch, and Dr. Hicks. Assembled at the graveside were also Major-General Sir John Donnelly, head of the Science and Art Department, South Kensington, Mr. Everard Green (Herald's College), Mr. Charles Welch (Guildhall library), and Mr. T. Armstrong (Science and Art Department).[14]

On Friday, 28 May 1897, in "The Queen's Reign" the London Times reported the following "masonic service":

A masonic service was held yesterday, at evensong, in the Collegiate Church of St. Saviour, Southwark, to celebrate the record reign of her Majesty and to assist the restoration fund of the church. By special dispensation of the Grand Master the brethren were permitted to attend the service in full masonic attire, and a very impressive scene was thus witnessed by the congregation. Among those present were Lord Lathom (pro-Grand Master), Lord Llangattock, Lord Connemara, Lord Harlech, Mr. Justice Bruce, and also the following brethren:— Mr. W. L. Jackson, M.P., Sir Offley Wakeman, Mr. Causton, M.P., Mr. H. Bancroft, Mr. E. Terry, Mr. Lionel Brough, Colonel A. B. Cook, Mr. R. Eve, Mr. R. Loveland Loveland (president of the Board of General Purposes), the Rev. Dr. Currie, Mr. Letchworth (grand secretary), and Mr. W. Lake (assistant grand secretary). Before the service the following voluntaries were rendered by organ and orchestra:— "Largo" (Handel), "Idyll" (Battison Haynes), and "occasional" Overture (Handel). Immediately preceding the service a procession was formed, in which the grand officers walked from the Ladye Chapel down the north, to the west end, thence up the nave to the reserved seats under the tower and the east end of the nave. The provincial grand officers proceeded from the parochial offices, and occupied the reserved seats at the east end of the nave. Clerical brethren included in the foregoing procession retired to the vestry on the north side of the choir, and joined the procession of the choir, clergy, and chapter to the choir seats and stalls. Clerical brethren with robes — not grand officers or provincial grand officers — after entering the church proceeded to the north choir aisle, where they waited and joined in the last-mentioned procession. The service was intoned by Archdeacon Sinclair (P.G.C.) and Canon Thompson. The opening hymn was "O Jerusalem the blissful," and the proper psalms followed. The special lessons (Haggai ii., 4 to 10 and 1. Cor. iii., 9 to 18) were read by the Rev. Dr. Childe and the Archdeacon of Essex. The Magnificat and Nunc Dimittis were sung to music by Gadsby in C and the anthem was "Lift up your heads" (Handel). The sermon was preached by the Very Rev. Dr. Hole, Dean of Rochester, grand chaplain, from Acts viii., 26, "Sirs, ye are brethren." The financial results of the service were a contribution towards the £7,000 required of about £2,340, including £1,000 from Lord Llangattock, £600 from Mr. Alfred Bevan, over £400 subscribed by the committee, and £320 collected at the service.[15]

June 1897Edit

1 June 1897, TuesdayEdit

The Dowager Duchess of Marlborough and Lady Sarah Wilson hosted a dinner party and dance:

The Dowager Duchess of Marlborough and Lady Sarah Wilson entertained at dinner yesterday evening, at her Grace’s house in Grosvenor-square, the Duke and Duchess of Roxburghe, the Marquis and Marchioness of Londonderry and Lady Helen Stewart, the Earl and Countess of Derby and Lady Isabel Stanley, the Earl of Chesterfield, the Earl of Stradbroke, the Earl of Essex, Lady Georgiana Curzon, the Ladies Margaret and Victoria Innes-Ker, Lady Lilian S. Churchill, Viscount Chrichton, Lord and Lady Wolverton, Lady Gerard, Lord Trevor, Lord Elcho, Sir Samuel and Lady Sophie Scott, Sir Edward and Lady Colebrooke, Lady de Trafford, the Hon. Dudley Marjoribanks, the Hon. Charles Willoughby, the Hon. Claud Willoughby, the Hon. John Baring, the Hon. Seymour Fortescue, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Grenfell, Mr. and Mrs. J. Menzies, and Miss Muriel Wilson, Captain Ricardo, and Mr. Wilfred Wilson. There was a dance afterwards.[16]

2 June 1897, WednesdayEdit

Derby Day at Epsom Downs, so the Luise Friederike Auguste Montagu, Duchess of Devonshire, hosted a ball at Devonshire House that night?

5 June 1897, SaturdayEdit

1897 June 5?, fancy-dress ball hosted by Mrs. Oppenheim, women came dressed as flowers:

Of course you want to know all about Mrs. Oppenheim’s ball, which was undoubtedly very successful. It would very difficult to say who looked best, or who was the best-dressed person there. The hostess herself looked about twenty-five in a poppy gown with golden basket bodice, and Miss Oppenheim, as a harebell, looked very handsome. Lady De Grey, in red roses, looked magnificent, and Lady Kilmorey, as La France rose, was very artistic. Mrs. Walker, as a pansy, Lady Sarah Wilson, as tiger tulip, Lady Newtown-Butler, as an iris, all wore short dresses, and gave one the impression that they had left part of their costume behind. Miss Brassey’s gown was a heap of roses; Lady Lilian Churchill's was covered with forget-me-nots (and was very pretty); Lady Norah Churchill, with a little hat on her head and her short skirt, looked like a little Dresden Shepherdess. Lady Beatrice Butler, as a pimpernel, was lovely; Lady Vivian’s daughters, as violet and sweet peas, were very fresh and pretty. Miss Norah Bourke and Mrs. Lindsay both looked well. Lilian Duchess of Marlborough wore a white satin dress covered with large lilies, and Mrs. Jack Leslie's gown, with a tall flower growing out of a red velvet flower-pot, was very original. Miss Muriel Wilson, as a dandelion, wore, I think, the whole the most successful gown there, and she looked very handsome.[17]

A week later, in the reporting of the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 fancy-dress ball, is a story that brings Mrs. Oppenheim's ball to show what Louisa Duchess of Devonshire did not do:

Mrs. Oppenheim, wife of the well-known financier, gave a flower party, of which great things were expected, and fairly fulfilled. Every lady personated a flower, and got herself up so far as possible to resemble one, or so decked her dress, with [Col. 1C–2A] simulated blossoms as clearly indicate her preference. Society talked flowers for a fall which was a great extension of the proverbial nine days' wonder. When all was said and done the great world discarded flowers, and decided to have no more of them for personal adornment, and as few as possible for tables and reception rooms. So ungrateful can the pampered world become for nature's prodigality.[18]

6 June 1897, SundayEdit

Whit Sunday

11 June 1897, FridayEdit

Muriel Wilson attended a house party at Chatsworth House, the country house of the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire (details on 12 June 1897 and on the page reporting gossip about the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July fancy-dress ball). On Saturday, 12 June, the fact that people were talking about the Duchess of Devonshire's upcoming ball was part of the story in the newspaper.

12 June 1897, SaturdayEdit

Two parties took place on this day; according to newspaper reports, costumes at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 fancy-dress ball were discussed.

People at the house party at Chatsworth House, the country house of the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire, were talking about the upcoming party:

The house party at Chatsworth this week included the Earl and Countess of Mar and Kellie, Lord Charles Montagu, Lord and Lady Gosford, Lord Elcho, the Right Hon. Arthur James Balfour, M.P., Count Mensdorf, of the Austrian Embassy; Miss Muriel Wilson (Tranby Croft), and Mrs. Menzies.

The Daily Mail says it is impossible not to talk about the Duchess of Devonshire's grand ball, for people will discuss scarcely anything else, and although each woman can keep the secret of her own intentions fairly well, she invariably betrays the confidences of her dearest friends; while the men, who are less hopeful of making a sensation, frankly discuss the difficulties in their way, and ask for advice or practical assistance from each of their lady friends. Lady de Grey is going as Zenobia, and is getting her dress from Doucet, I hear, while Worth also is making a great many costumes; but the greatest number are being made in England. The Duchess of Portland, the Duchess of Hamilton, Lady Mar and Kellie, and Miss Muriel Wilson are all going to the costumier in Soho-square, and Alias has also been summoned to Marlborough House for a consultation.

As to what the different people will wear people seem to change their minds every day, but according to the present report the Duke of Marlborough will be dressed as Louis Seize, and the Duke of Devonshire will probably represent a portrait of Charles V., while Lady Gosford, who was to have been Minerva, has now half decided to be a lady of his Court. Mr. Caryl Craven, who is so clever in such matters, is helping the Duchess of Leeds with her dress; in fact, everyone seems pressed into the service, and the result will be one of the most brilliant sights that ever was seen.

Father Adderley (the Hon and Rev J Adderley), who always brings his religion up to date, has already denounced the ball from his pulpit, in imitation of an American divine; but he is probably very far wrong in estimating the cost of any one dress at £2,000! It is certain, however, that the ball, what with one thing and another, will run into enormous sums of money, and some ladies are actually having their jewels altered and reset to suit the costume of a single night. There is a Venetian quadrille, a poudré quadrille, two Empire quadrilles, and last, not least, some of the beauties will be dancing an Oriental measure in Eastern dress with floating scarves, and this will be the prettiest and most picturesque feature of the night.[19]

The Reading Mercury mentions talk at a ball hosted by Queen Victoria on the same day about what people intend to wear:

The Marchioness of Londonderry and her sister-in-law Lady Aline Beaumont, intend to wear Polish costumes at the Duchess of Devonshire’s fancy ball. The Duke has almost decided to wear a dress copied from a Titian painting of Charles the Fifth. Lady Gosford, his step-daughter, will personate a lady of his court. The Princess of Wales has not yet chosen her dress. This ball is making a great sensation in aristocratic circles.[20]

20 June 1897, SundayEdit

Accession Day: the official Jubilee Hymn, music by Arthur Sullivan and lyrics by William Waltham How, Bishop of Wakefield, was "used in all churches and chapels"; Sullivan's tune is called Bishopgarth and "was later offered in The Methodist Hymnal as an alternative for the Harvest hymn by William Chatterton Dix To Thee, O Lord, Our Hearts We Raise" (Richards 406). Queen Victoria "attended a Thanksgiving service at St George's Chapel, Windsor, at which ... Sullivan's ... hymn ... [was] performed."[21]

Later that day, perhaps, Alfred Austin (appointed Poet Laureate after William Morris had turned it down) presented his "Victoria," composed for the occasion, to Victoria.

21 June 1897, MondayEdit

The events of this day were in London. First the Queen, who was still at Windsor, took the train to Paddington Station.

She "hosted a State Banquet at in the State Supper Room at Buckingham Palace"; Mr. J. Sommer, Bandmaster, conducted the Band of Royal Engineers.[22]

A reception followed in the Ballroom for guests who had been invited to the Diamond Jubilee celebration, most of them the usual crowd and heads of state from Europe and the Empire.

22 June 1897, TuesdayEdit

Diamond Jubilee Day[23]; a "thanksgiving service" was held in St. Paul's Cathedral in honor of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee.[24] Murphy describes the procession to St. Paul's:

The procession which took place on 22 June was the culmination of the patriotic fervour that inspired the nation in that summer of 1897. The Queen, accompanied by 50,000 troops, was driven through the streets of London for the thanksgiving service outside St Paul's Cathedral, where she was greeted by her family, headed by the Prince and Princess of Wales. The crowds turned out in their thousands. Every window overlooking the six-mile route, every inch of space available on the streets, was filled with cheering, flag-waving subjects, the majority of whom had never known another sovereign.[25]

Mackenzie-Rogan describes the procession and service like this:

The procession [from Buckingham Palace to St. Paul's] was led by the great imperial warrior Field Marshal Lord Roberts and included Canadian Mounties, Jamaica Artillery, Royal Nigerian Constabulary, the Cape Mounted Rifles, the New South Wales Lancers, Trinidad Light Horse, and New Zealand Mounted Troops, along with a variety of Indian troops. The service took place on the steps of St. Paul's, with the Queen remaining seated in her carriage. The choir contained many of the most famous musicians of the day joining in singing: Sir Arthur Sullivan, Sir Walter Parratt, Dr Hubert Parry, Dr Frederick Bridge, Alberto Randegger, Dr A. H. Mann, Barton McGuckin, John E. West, and Joseph Bennett. Sir / George Martin conducted his Jubilee Te Deum, and this was followed by the intoning of the Lord's Prayer, the singing of All People that On Earth Do Dwell to the familiar tune The Old Hundredth and then the first verse of the national anthem. Then the Archbishop of Canterbury on an impulse called for three cheers for the Queen. They could be heard in Trafalgar Square. The service was accompanied throughout by the military bands of the Royal Artillery and the Royal School of Military Music, Kneller Hall.[26]

Sir George Martin was organist at St. Paul's and knighted in 1897.[22] About 15,000 people were in the congregation, but Queen Victoria did not leave her carriage, so some ceremony took place on the steps, including a Te Deum written by Prince Albert before his death.

The Queen's carriage then went to Mansion House for a ceremony with the Lord Mayor of the City of London. She was then driven around the city, taking her, essentially, to the people, so they could see her.

She then was driven back to Windsor. According to the Classical Reviewer,

In the evening, a torchlight procession of boys from Eton School sang for Queen Victoria in the Quadrangle of Windsor Castle and the boys created formations on the ground including the letters ‘V.R’. They were accompanied by the band and drums of the Coldstream Guards, performing a number of songs including ‘Auld Lang Syne” and “God Save The Queen”. Afterwards the boys gave Queen Victoria three cheers.[22]

Later that evening was called "Jubilee Night."[27]

26 June 1897, SaturdayEdit

There was apparently a regular celebration of Arthur Collins' birthday, 26 June, by Bret Harte, George Du Maurier, Arthur Sullivan, Alfred Cellier, Arthur Blunt, and John Hare (Nissen, Axel. Brent Harte: Prince and Pauper: 239. [1]). Choosing 1885–1902 as the dates because those apparently are the dates of the close relationship between Harte and Collins, ending in Harte's death in 1902.

End of June 1897Edit

A few days before 2 July 1897: <quote>A few days before the Devonshire House Ball, Joseph Chamberlain had given a party at which the crush had been so great that Princess Louise, the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria who was married to the Marquis of Lorne, had been overcome and had nearly fallen underfoot. So dense was the crowd at this party that it had been impossible to clear a path for the Prince and Princess of Wales. The Prince was so angry that he left the party without even being received, much to the shame and embarrassment of his hostess.</quote>[28]

July 1897Edit

2 July 1897, FridayEdit

The Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball. Earlier in the day, the derby at Epsom Downs.

8 July 1897, ThursdayEdit

From this day until the end of the run in December 1897, Sullivan's ballet Victoria and Merrie England at the Alhambra Theatre, Leicester Square, "included a cinematograph film of the Jubilee procession."[13]

17 July 1897, SaturdayEdit

"During his holiday, Mr. Wyndham has found a sub-tenant in Mr. Horniman, who produced a farce called "Four Little Girls," by Mr. Walter Stokes Craven, on July 17. It tells how two widowers of Wimbledon (Mr. Barnes and Mr. Blakeley) resolve to marry their housekeepers (Miss M. A. Victor and Miss Emily Miller) — four capital studies in old age — on condition that their sons marry the duaghters of the two ladies. The boys, with the connivance of their tutor, Mr. Nuggeridge (Mr. Welch), have already married (one of the brides being Miss Mabel Beardsley, the artist's sister), so that extravagant farce is the result. The piece was played in a lively key, Mr. Blakeley, Mr. Welch (masquerading as a Scot under such a very English name as Muggeridge), and Mr. Kenneth Douglas (as one of the young men) being specially amusing."[29]

31 July 1897, SaturdayEdit

The London Morning Post: the wedding of Mabel Caroline Wombwell and Henry R. Hohler:

Mr. Henry R. Hohler, eldest son of Mr. Henry Booth Hohler, of Fawkham Manor, Kent, was married to Mabel Caroline, second daughter of Sir George and Lady Julia Wombwell, in St. Paul's Church, Knightsbridge, on Saturday afternoon. His Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge attended the ceremony, accompanied by Colonel FitzGeorge. The bride arrived shortly after half-past two o'clock, and was led to the chancel by her father, who gave her away. She was followed by two pages, Master Alastair Graham Menzies, son of Mr. and Mrs. Graham Menzies, and Master W. Rollo, son of the Hon. Eric and Mrs. Rollo, who were in Highland costume, with their respective tartans. Eight bridesmaids followed: Lady Mary Villiers and the Hon. Ella Peel, cousins of the bride; Miss Hohler, sister of the bridegroom; the Ladies Edith and Mary Dawson, nieces of the bride; Miss Amy Hohler and Miss Torfrida Rollo, nieces of the bridegroom; and the Hon. Theresa Fitzwilliam. The bride wore a white satin gown embroidered with pearls, diamonds, and silver sequins, and trimmed with accordion-pleated chiffon, trails of orange blossoms, and a chiffon sash. Her veil was of lovely old Brussels lace, and her jewels included a large diamond star in her hair, the gift of the Earl and Countess of Dartrey; a diamond heart locket, her mother's gift, and a diamond bracelet, Mr. Holder's present. The bridesmaids were attired in white French muslin over white satin, trimmed with Valenciennes lace insertion and runners of white baby ribbon; they wore fichus of white point d'esprit, and white straw hats trimmed with bows of point d'esprit and pink roses. Gold bangles with light blue enamel and diamond heart lockets and shower bouquets of pink carnations were the bridegroom's gifts. The Service was choral. The Bishop of Sodor and Man, the Rev. H. Montagu Villiers, vicar of St. Paul's, and the Rev. T. Blackall, rector of Fawkham, Kent, were the officiating clergy. Mr. Gerald Hohler acted as best man to his brother. After the ceremony Sir George and Lady Julia Wombwell welcomed the relations and friends of both families at the residence of the Earl and Countess of Dartrey, sister of the bride, in Eaton-square, lent for the occasion. Among those present were the Duke of Cambridge, the Marchioness of Blandford, Theresa Countess of Shrewsbury, the Earl and Countess of Jersey and the Ladies Villiers, the Earl and Countess of Dartrey, the Countess of St. Germans, the Countess of Carnarvon, Viscount Peel, Lady Penrhyn and the Hon. Miss Douglas-Pennant, Lady Constance Gore, Lord Villiers, the Bishop of Sodor and Man and Mrs. Straton, Lord Abinger, Lady Cynthia Graham, Captain the Hon. E. Dawson, the Hon. Mrs. Baillie of Dochfour and Miss Bruce, Lady Hartopp and Miss Enid Wilson, the Hon. Mrs. Wood, the Hon. Mabel Murray, the Hon. Helen Henniker, the Hon. Mrs. Maguire and the Hon. Ella Peel, the Hon. Reginald Villiers, the Hon. Eric and Mrs. Rollo, the Hon. Agnes Peel, Mrs. Hohler, Mrs. Frederick Hohler, Mrs. Wombwell, Mr. F. Wombwell, Captain and Mrs. Wombwell, Colonel Wombwell, Mr. and Mrs. C. Hohler, Mr. Hohler, Mr. Tremayne, Madame and Miss de Bunsen, Mrs. Harry Goschen, Mrs. Charles Van Raalte, Mrs. Gunston, Mrs. Wilfrid Marshall, Mr. Francis Gregson, Mrs. Arthur Wilson and Miss Muriel Wilson, Mr. Alfred de Rothschild, Mis. Ernest Villiers and Miss Villiers, Mr. Ward Cook, Mr. Frank Green, Mr. and Mrs. Fane, Mr. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. Deacon, Miss Willoughby and Miss Gertrude Willoughby, Colonel and Mrs. Livesey Wardle, Mr. and Mrs. Graham Menzies, Miss Gordon, Mr. and Mrs. Du Plat Taylor, Miss Muriel Blundell, Mr. Edward Hare, Major Victor Farquharson, Mr. and Mrs. William Aston, Miss Julia Ponsonby, Mr. Launcelot Smith, Mrs. Richard Martin, Major Lawes, Rev. T. Blackall, Colonel and Mrs. Alan Gardner, Mr. and Mrs. Harris Saunders, &c. Mr. and Mrs. Henry R. Hohler subsequently left for Clumber, Notts, lent by the Duke and Duchess of Newcastle, for the honeymoon.

Among the numerous presents to the bride were: From his Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge, a gold antique tortoise inkstand, set with various stones; the Bridegroom, diamond tiara, turquoise and diamond bracelet, emerald and diamond clover-leaf bracelet, diamond and turquoise heart, diamond combs, several gem rings; Sir George Wombwell, large diamond cross set with a black pearl, diamond, a hack and hunter; Lady Julia Wombwell, large diamond heart and old lace; the Earl and Countess of Dartrey, large diamond star; Mr. Stephen Wombwell, diamond and sapphire chain bracelet; Mr. Hohler, diamond bracelet, horse and harness; Mrs. Hohler, diamond ring; Prince Frederick Dhuleep Singh, diamond and ruby brooch; Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Hohler, diamond sword; Miss Hohler, a very handsomely-fitted dressing bag and enamel pencil bracelet; Mrs. F. Wombwell, diamond crescent; Mr. and Mrs. Graham Menzies of Hallyburton, diamond tiara; the Earl of Jersey, hair ornament in emeralds and diamonds; the Countess of Jersey, necklet of amethysts and diamonds; the Earl and Countess of Ellesmere, gold and jewelled heart looking-glass; the Marquis and Marchioness of Londonderry, large diamond and sapphire crescent; Mr. Alfred de Rothschild, sapphire and diamond brooch; the Earl and Countess of Carnarvon, sapphire and diamond bracelet; Lady Alice Egerton and the Ladies Ada and Alexandra G. Osborne, amethyst and pearl locket; Lord Balvaird, Tay pearl bracelet; the Duke and Duchess of Marlborough, old silver pen tray and tea caddy; the Marchioness of Blandford, large frame; Lady Helen Vincent, gold-handled umbrella; Mrs. Ernest Villiers, old silver wheelbarrow; the Ladies Edith and Mary Dawson, silver frame; the Countess of Lathom, brooch; the Ladies Maud, Bertha, and Edith Wil_____m, scarf pin; Mr. and the Hon. Mrs. Maguire, diamond and sapphire brooch; Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Wilson and Miss Muriel Wilson, turquoise and diamond hair ornament; the Marquis of Abergavenny, pair of silver candlesticks; Viscount Peel, large silver dish; Lord and Lady Dorchester, large silver scent bottles; Viscountess Milton, parasol with jewelled handle; Lady Cynthia Graham, enamel and diamond fox head pencil; the Hon. George and Mrs. Keppel, white enamel and turquoise sleeve links; Lord and Lady Deramore, tortoiseshell fan; Mr. and Mrs. Vyner, gold pencil studded with emeralds and diamonds; the Earl and Countess of Feversham, silver-gilt inkstand and candlesticks; Viscountess Helmsley, gold-handled umbrella; Lord and Lady Burton, agate and gold-mounted paper knife; the Dowager Marchioness of Londonderry, standard lamp; Isabella Countess of Wilton, pair of silver candlesticks; Sir Henry Edwardes, old étui case; the Earl and Countess of Wharncliffe, a fan; the Countess of Ancaster, marqueterie table; the Dowager Countess of Craven, illuminated clock; the Hon. Cecil and Mrs. Bingham, silver dishes; the Hon. Reginald and Mrs. Parker, silver inkstand; the Earl and Countess of St. Germans, silver box; the Hon. Hugh W. Fitzwilliam, walking-stick with gold handle encrusted with jewels; Mr. and Mrs. Leopold de Rothschild, diamond and pearl clover-leaf brooch; the Earl and Countess of Yarborough, silver salver; the Earl and Countess of Harewood, silver and enamel smelling bottle; Miss E. Wombwell, silver hand glass and pair of silver-backed brushes; the Earl and Countess of Coventry, large silver tea pot; the Earl and Countess of Ilchester, a fan; Elizabeth Countess of Wilton and Mr. Pryor, large silver inkstand; Lady Rothschild, umbrella with gold handle set with jewels; Captain H. Wombwell, gold-mounted claret bottle; Lord Abinger, Louis XIV. clock; Mr. F. Wombwell, four silver bonbonniere dishes; the Hon. Hubert Duncombe, gold and onyx bangle; the Hon. R. Villiers, set of silver brushes, looking-glass, comb, and tray; the Hon. Mabel and Theresa W. Fitzwilliam, clock with electric light; Lady Skelmersdale, silver-mounted purse; Lady Mildred Denison, writing case; Mr. A. C. Wombwell, breakfast service; Mrs. Graham Menzies, large silver inkstand; General Wombwell, large silver scent bottle; the Countess of Selkirk, four silver bonbonniere dishes and spoons; Sir H. and Lady Evelyn Ewart, silver sugar basin; Sir A. and Lady Edmonstone. silver tea caddy; the Tenantry on the Newburgh and Wass Estates, large silver tea tray; the Tenantry on the Old Byland Estate, alabaster clock; the Indoor and Outdoor Servants of Newburgh, large silver coffee pot; the Indoor and Outdoor Servants of Hallyburton, marble clock and address; School Children of Old Byland, prayer and hymn books.

Among the gifts received by the bridegroom were: From the Dowager Duchess of Newcastle, service of silver table plate, 308 pieces; the Duke of Newcastle, silver-mounted spirit table; the Duchess of Newcastle, gold, diamond, and enamel sleeve links; the Duke of Wellington, pair of silver candlesticks; Sir George Wombwell, two Queen Anne silver salvers; Mr. Gerald F. Hohler, cheque; Mr. Stephen Wombwell, old Sheffield and cut glass cruet; Mr. and Mrs. E. T. Hohler, Dresden dessert service and antique cut glass decanters; Mr. Thomas B. Hohler, Persian carpet; Sir Robert and Lady Affleck, pair of jewelled gold links; Mr. and Mrs. C. Hohler, silver soup tureen; the Hon. Mr. and Mrs. Rolls, pair of silver baskets; Mr. and Mrs. F. S. Hohler, silver flower basket; Mr. H. B. Hohler. silver George 111. centre piece; the Hon. Algernon Mills, silver hot-water jug; Miss Hohler, pair of old silver sauce boats; Tenants on the Fawkham Estate, barometer; Servants at Fawkham Manor, large silver salver; Men on the Home Farm, Fawkham, silver-mounted walking stick; Major Lawes, dessert service; Mrs. Owen Williams, silver cigarette lighter; Mr. E. P. Hare, gold matchbox; Mrs. Hohler, writing table; Miss C. Gordon, gold-mounted amber cigarette-holder, in silver case; Captain A. Hicks-Beach, pair of silver photograph frames; Colonel and Mrs. Antrobus, gold and amethyst seal; Mr. and Mrs. Fletcher of Saltoun. pair of silver candlesticks; Mr. Arthur Capel Cure, large silver cigarette box; Mr. E. A. Franklin, tortoiseshell and gold cigar case; Mr. T. L. Hare, M.P., double reading lamp; Sir Basil Hall, crystal decanter in silver stand; Captain and Mrs. Torrens, double silver inkstand; Captain Hon. E. Hanbury, silver-mounted letter case; Mr. Frank Deacon, large silver bowl; Colonel and Mrs. Brownrigg, silver salver; Major the Hon. C. Lambton, standard lamp; Mr. and the Hon. Mrs. Tremayne, antique silver candlesticks; Colonel and Mrs. Barrington [?] Campbell, settee; besides other presents.[30]

August 1897Edit

30 August 1897, MondayEdit

Summer Bank Holiday

September 1897Edit

Sometime in September 1897, the Inner Order of the Golden Dawn moved its headquarters from 62 Oakley Square, where they had been from March 1896, to 36 Blythe Road.[31] Also during this month a subgroup in the Golden Dawn, including Annie Horniman and Frederick Gardner were meeting in Talgarth Road, West Kensington, London.[32]

October 1897Edit

3 October 1897, SundayEdit

William Morris died, at Kelmscott House. At Morris's request Arnold Dolmetsch came to play The Earle of Salisbury's Pavin on the virginals.[33]

5 October 1897, TuesdayEdit

The Princess Mary, Duchess of Teck, the Duke of Teck, and Alexander of Teck and retinue visited Henry James Tufton, 1st Baron Hothfield of Hothfield in Appleby. Muriel Wilson was in the houseparty to which the Tecks were travelling. Also in the party were <quote>the Hon. John and Lady Ierne Tufton, Mr. and Mrs. William Portal, Mr. Arthur Wilson and Miss Muriel Wilson, Sir George Arthur, Bart., Mr. and Mrs. Charles Van Raalte; the Hon. Rosamond Tufton, the Hon. Sackville Tufton, the Hon. Charles Tufton, Captain George Tufton, Lady Clementine Walsh, and Mr. Leo. Trevor.</quote> Hothfield hosted a garden party the next day but otherwise the visit was “of a strictly private character.”[34]

20 October 1897, WednesdayEdit

1897 October 16?: the wedding of Lord Waterford and Lady Beatrix Fitzmaurice. Mrs. Arthur Wilson's and Muriel Wilson's gifts to her were a “red leather writing pad”[35]; Muriel Wilson and Kenneth Wilson also are listed as having given a gift to him, “brocaded stationery case and blotting book.”[36] The Prince and Princess of Wales as well as many celebrities and familiar names attended and sent gifts.

31 October 1897, SundayEdit


November 1897Edit

1 November 1897, MondayEdit

The Holderness Hunt:

The season of the Holderness pack commenced yesterday, when there was a large gathering at Rise. Before commencing operations the company were hospitably entertained by Mr and the Hon. Mrs Bethell. Amongst those present were the Master (Mr Arthur Wilson), Mr and Mrs Stanley Wilson, Mr and Mrs Kenneth Wilson, Mr Clive Wilson, Miss Muriel Wilson, Mr Wellesley Wilson, J. Simons Harrison, Mr R. D. Richardson, Mr Robert Voase, Mr and Mrs Robinson, Miss Bethell, Commander Bethell, M.P., Mr and Mrs Hutchinson, Mr H. Richardson, Captain Samman, Mr W. England. Mr G. England, Mr T. Jackson. Mr Harry E. Bainton, Mr J. J. Ridley, Mr T. Dixon, Mr R. Dixon. Mr Heslop, Riby Wright, Mr W. Todd, Mr Wilfred Harrison, Mr William Robinson, Captain Short, Mr Fisher. Mr E. Harland, Mr J. Nutchey, and others. The staff from the kennels sported their new scarlet, and the whole turn out was excellent. Ash, who had the bitch pack out, first tried the woods, where plenty of foxes were to be found and after a bit of brushing about, two were killed in cover. At Farnton the hounds unkennelled a useful fox, which for nearly half an hour afforded good sport, taking a wide ring by way of Sigglesthorne and back to cover, where he was lost. Catwick Thorns were then successfully drawn. Reynard, on making for the open, shot away in the direction of Brandesburton. Scent being good, the hounds hunted him in grand style. Leaving Brandesburton to the left, he took the direction of Lord Mayor's Whin. Then he made for Newsome and round by Nunkeeling, almost as far Seaton. Swinging back to the left, he ran round Star Carr Hill and Brandesburton village. He then turned and sought his old retreat at Catwick Thorns, where saved his brush, after giving the followers a rattling gallop of nearly an hour. Several were out for the first time in pink yesterday.[37]

2 November 1897, TuesdayEdit

<quote>Dolmetsch, writing to Horne on 2 November, mentions another visit to Florence which seems to be 'more certain than ever'. The performance of The Tempest at the Mansion House has been postponed until 5 November because of the death of the Duchess of Teck and in turn Dolmetsch's own concert date has been changed. 'But that will do no harm, rather some good, as I have obtained invitations to Mansion House for all my subscribers, and that has been paragraphed in the press (not The Times!). I have got 30 subscribers now. So that is not so bad."<quote>[38] [Was AEFH one of those subscribers? Who was?]

5 November 1897, FridayEdit

Guy Fawkes Day

17 November 1897, WednesdayEdit

Muriel Wilson took part in the meet of the Duke of Rutland’s hounds:

The opening meet of these hounds, which should have taken place at Leadenham a fortnight ago, but was postponed owing to the hard condition of the ground, took place Wednesday at Croxton Park, where a large and fashionable gathering assembled, including several followers of the Quorn and Cottesmore packs. Amongst those present were Sir Gilbert Greenall, Miss Greenall, Mr. Cyril Greenall, Lord Robert Manners, Colonel Theobald, Major Longstaffe (Little Ponton), Colonel Hutchinson, Baron and Baroness Max de Tuyll, Mr. Algernon and Lady Henrietta Turner, the Hon. Lancelot and Mrs. Lowther, the Hon. Gavin Hamilton, Major Bradford Atkinson, Captain and Mrs. Lawson, Captain Timson, Sir Henry Rawlinson, Mr. and Miss Hodgson, the Hon. H. R. Scott, Colonel Ashton, Captain Boyce, Mr. and Mrs. Long, Mrs. Ellison, Miss Muriel Wilson, Mr. Otho Paget, the Misses Markham, Mr. Maxwell Angus, the Rev. J. P. Seabrooke (Waltham), Mr. Gerald Hansom, the Rev. R. Mirehouse (Colsterworth), and others. In Freeby Wood there was a good show of foxes, and the pack got on the line of one which made for Waltham Village, and then back through the Ashes. From this point Reynard crossed the Grantham road and entered covert known the “Brooms,” but he was lost shortly afterwards in the neighbourhood of Thorpe lngold. Another short spin was had from Brentingby Wood, but the fox, like his predecessor, made good his escape, as did also a third, which went away from Brentingby Spinney. Subsequently the pack was taken to a hen roost at Freeby, where a fox in search of poultry had been incarcerated. On quitting these quarters Reynard was quickly caught and killed. It was a poor scenting day, but in other respects the conditions were nearly perfect. The opening of the active season on the Lincolnshire side will commence to-day, the meet being at Syston Park — the seat of Sir Joint Thorold.[39]

24 November 1897, WednesdayEdit

1897 November 24, parties for the Derby (Derby in November?? Should be July? So this is another race?):

Ten years ago (writes a correspondent to the Daily Mail) how few of the fashionable people went to Derby races: now all the smartest people go, and it is one of the most important meetings, rivalling Doncaster in popularity. The big houses which are in the neighbourbood, no doubt, have considerable influence in this matter, and since the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire had house-parties at Chatsworth, there has been a marked increase in tha attendance. Lord and Lady Burton, Mr. and Mrs. Miller Mundy, Mr. and Mrs. Hamar Bass, and others, are also bent on hospitalities, and consequently the latter end of last week London was quite empty.

The Duchess of Devonshire's party included Lord and Lady Londonderry, Lady Wolverton, Lord and Lady Essex, Mrs. Chaine, Lord Marcus Beresford, and Lord Crewe, as well as Lord and Lady Cadogan, Lord and Lady Howe, Lord and Lady Lurgan, and Mrs. Leo Rothschild, whose names I have already mentioned as staying at the house. Then, at Rangemore there is a very gay party indeed, including Lady Angela and Mr. James Forbes, Lady Sarah Wilson, Lady de Traflord, Mrs. Arthur and Miss Muriel Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. Hwfa Williams, Lady Norreys, Mr. Cecil Howard, Mr. Greenfell, Mr. Wilson, and Mr. Ludwig Neumann. At Shipley are Sir Charles and Lady Hartopp, Mr. and Mrs. George Keppel, Mrs. de Winton, Lord Athlumney, and Mr. Sturt, among others. At Foston Lord and Lady Magheromorne are staying, as well as Mrs. Farquharson; while Mrs. Hamar Bass seemed to have a large party, including the Maurice FitzGeralds.

Very few people looked better than Lady Essex, in brown, with soft white ermine fur; she is a very pretty woman, with delicate features and complexion, and big, soft, dark eyes. Lady Sarah Wilson, in brown with black braid, and a hat of brown chenille, looked remarkably smart; as also did Mrs. Jack Cumming, who came with Mrs. Bass, and her dress was a tobacco-coloured cloth, with a delightful Russian coat of velvet to match, with a sable collar and small sable toque. Lady Angela Forbes, who dresses almost as well as Lady Algernon Lennox, wore a sort of greeny-blue homespun; and Miss Muriel also looked so well, in simplest tweeds. Lady Norreys, in spite of a cold, looked very pretty, and was warmly clad in an astrachan coat, and sable hat; Mrs. Hamar Bass looked very nice in dull green and chinchilla; Mrs. Farquharson was also at her best; Lady de Trafford was very quietly dressed, while Lady Hartopp wore a very quaint coat of white sheepskin. Among the very many other men were Mr. Montagu Guest, Mr. Hungerford, and Mr. Combe.[40]

December 1897Edit

25 December 1897, SaturdayEdit

Christmas Day

25 December 1897 or so, Sullivan's ballet Victoria and Merrie England closed at the Alhambra Theatre, Leicester Square (Richards 31). According to Richards, "members of the royal family attended on nineteen occasions.[13] Since 8 July 1897, the program "included a cinematograph film of the Jubilee procession."[13]

26 December 1897, SundayEdit

Boxing Day


  1. "Warwickshire Hunt Ball." Leamington Courier 16 January 1897, Saturday: 5 [of 8]. British Newspaper Archive (accessed July 2019).
  2. "Court and Personal." Public Opinion: A Weekly Review of Current Thought and Activity 5 February 1897: 177, Col. 1c–2a. Google Books (accessed July 2019).
  3. Campbell, Margaret. Dolmetsch: The Man and His Work. U of Washington Press, 1975: 112.
  4. "Society Gossip." Weston-super-Mare Gazette 3 March 1897, Wednesday: 3 [of 4], Col. 5a [of 6]. British Newspaper Archive (accessed July 2019).
  5. Howe 169.
  6. Campell 133.
  7. Gibbs, Anthony Matthew. A Bernard Shaw Chronology. Author Chronologies, ed. Norman Page. Palgrave, 2001: 131.
  8. Howe 126.
  9. Howe 173-74.
  10. Horniman, Annie Elizabeth Fredericka. Typescript.
  11. Hull Daily Mail 17 May 1897, Monday: 4 [of 6], Col. 5c [of 7]. British Newspaper Archive (accessed July 1897).
  12. "Distinguished Guests at Warwick Castle." Leamington Courier 22 May 1897, Saturday: 7 [of 8], Col. 4b [of 6]. British Newspaper Archive (accessed July 2019).
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 Richards, Jeffrey. Imperialism and Music: Britain, 1876–1953. Manchester University Press, 2001: 31.
  14. "Court Circular." Times [London, England] 28 May 1897: 12, Col. 1c–2a. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 2 May 2013.)
  15. "The Queen's Reign." Times [London, England] 28 May 1897: 12. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 2 May 2013.
  16. "Court Circular." Times, 2 June 1897, p. 12. The Times Digital Archive, Accessed 20 June 2019.
  17. "Society Gossip." Weston-super-Mare Gazette 5 June 1897, Saturday: 9 [of 12], Col. 5b [of 7]. British Newspaper Archive (accessed July 2019).
  18. Cheltenham Looker-On 1897-06-12.
  19. Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald 1897-06-12.
  20. “Our London Letter. Up and Down.” Reading Mercury 12 June 1897, Saturday: 8 [of 12], Col. 7C.
  21. Richards 137.
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 "The Queen's Diamond Jubilee — The Music in 1897." The Classical Reviewer 5 May 2012 (accessed August 2020).
  23. Mackenzie-Rogan, Lt. Colonel John. Fifty Years of Army Music. London: Methuen, 1926: 124.
  24. Murphy, Sophia. The Duchess of Devonshire's Ball. Sidgwick & Jackson, 1984: 12.
  25. Murphy 15.
  26. Mackenzie-Rogan 137–138.
  27. Murphy 14.
  28. Murphy 39.
  29. "The Playhouses: 'Four Little Girls,' at the Criterion Theatre." Illustrated London News (London, England), Saturday, July 24, 1897; Issue 3040, Col. A.
  30. "Marriage of Mr. H. R. Hohler and Miss Wombwell." Morning Post 2 August 1897, Monday: 6 [of 8], Col. 3a–c [of 7]. British Newspaper Archive (accessed June 2019).
  31. Howe 126.
  32. Howe 197.
  33. Campbell 103.
  34. "Arrival of the Duke and Duchess of Teck. The House Party.” Penrith Observer 5 October 1897, Tuesday: 5 [of 8], Col. 5a–b [of 7]. British Newspaper Archive (accessed July 2019).
  35. "Marriage of Lord Waterford and Lady Beatrix Fitzmaurice." The Waterford Standard 20 October 1897, Wednesday: 2 [of 3], Cols. 5c [of 7]. British Newspaper Archive accessed June 2019).
  36. "Marriage of Lord Waterford and Lady Beatrix Fitzmaurice." The Waterford Standard 20 October 1897, Wednesday: 2 [of 3], Cols. 6c [of 7]. British Newspaper Archive accessed June 2019).
  37. "Tally-Ho! The Hunting Season Begins." Hull Daily Mail 2 November 1897, Tuesday: 5 [of 6], Col. 3a [of 7]. British Newspaper Archive (accessed July 2019).
  38. Campbell, Margaret. Dolmetsch: The Man and His Work. U of Washington Press, 1975: 119.
  39. "Hunting. The Duke of Rutland’s Hounds." Yorkshire Post 19 November 1897, Friday: 10 [of 10], Col. 7a [of 7]. British Newspaper Archive
  40. "Hints for Ladies. Fashion at Derby Races." Derby Mercury 24 November 1897, Wednesday: 6 [of 8], Col. 5a [of 7]. British Newspaper Archive