Solar planets as gravitational resonators form some law like the s.c. Titzius-Bode law for the planets mass-radius characteristics.
History
editThe theory of the quantum gravitational resonator (QGR) is based on the Maxwell-like gravitational equations and similar in many relation to the theory of quantum electromagnetic resonator (QER), therefore the QGR history is close connected with the QER history.
Gravitational resonators
editDue to McDonald^{[1]} first who used Maxwell equations to describe gravity was Oliver Heaviside^{[2]} The point is that in the weak gravitational field the standard theory of gravity could be written in the form of Maxwell equations^{[3]}
In the 90-ties Kraus ^{[4]} first introduced the gravitational characteristic impedance of free space, which was detaled later by Kiefer ^{[5]}, and now Raymond Y. Chiao^{[6]} ^{[7]} ^{[8]} ^{[9]} ^{[10]} who is developing the ways of experimental determination of the gravitational waves.
Velocity circulation quantum
editFirst the VCQ was proposed in the early 50-th for the quantum superfluids in the general form by R.Feynman ^{[11]}, ^{[12]}:
where could be integer or fractional in the general case.
Further developments this approach was made by Yakymakha (1994) for inversion layers in MOSFETs ^{[13]}.
Gravitational resonator approach to the Solar System
editGeneral resonator characteristics
editGeometrical properties of a planet define the following resonance frequency:
where is velocity of light, and is the planet radius. This frequency could be connected with the "minimal mass conseption":
where is the reduced Planck constant. Considering that total planet mass is replaced on the resonator surface:
and therefore the "minimal mass" should be placed on the minimal surface:
Thus, the minimal radius will be:
Velocity circulation quantum approach
editIn the general case the velocity circulation quantum is defined as:
where is integer number. This equation could be rewritten in the "mass form":
For this equation defines the minimal mass as:
Note that this definition is compatible with the gravitational resonato approach presented in the above section.
Solar system gravitational characteristics
editThe full sets of the planetary data are presented in the Table 1.
Object | Radius, m | Mass, kg | Minimal Mass, kg | Minimal Radius, m | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|
Sun | |||||
Jupiter | |||||
Saturn | |||||
Neptun | |||||
Uran | |||||
Earth | |||||
Venus | |||||
Mars | |||||
Mercury |
Note that all planetary data were taken from the textbook ^{[14]}.
See also
editReferences
edit- ↑ K.T. McDonald, Am. J. Phys. 65, 7 (1997) 591-2.
- ↑ O. Heaviside, Electromagnetic Theory (”The Electrician” Printing and Publishing Co., London, 1894) pp. 455-465.
- ↑ W. K. H. Panofsky and M. Phillips, Classical Electricity and Magnetism (Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1955), p. 168, 166.
- ↑ J. D. Kraus, IEEE Antennas and Propagation. Magazine 33, 21 (1991).
- ↑ C. Kiefer and C. Weber, Annalen der Physik (Leipzig) 14, 253 (2005).
- ↑ Raymond Y. Chiao. "Conceptual tensions between quantum mechanics and general relativity: Are there experimental consequences, e.g., superconducting transducers between electromagnetic and gravitational radiation?" arXiv:gr-qc/0208024v3 (2002). [PDF
- ↑ R.Y. Chiao and W.J. Fitelson. Time and matter in the interaction between gravity and quantum fluids: are there macroscopic quantum transducers between gravitational and electromagnetic waves? In Proceedings of the “Time & Matter Conference” (2002 August 11-17; Venice, Italy), ed. I. Bigi and M. Faessler (Singapore: World Scientific, 2006), p. 85. arXiv: gr-qc/0303089. PDF
- ↑ R.Y. Chiao. Conceptual tensions between quantum mechanics and general relativity: are there experimental consequences? In Science and Ultimate Reality, ed. J.D. Barrow, P.C.W. Davies, and C.L.Harper, Jr. (Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 2004), p. 254. arXiv:gr-qc/0303100.
- ↑ Raymond Y. Chiao. "New directions for gravitational wave physics via “Millikan oil drops” arXiv:gr-qc/0610146v16 (2009). PDF
- ↑ Stephen Minter, Kirk Wegter-McNelly, and Raymond Chiao. Do Mirrors for Gravitational Waves Exist? arXiv:gr-qc/0903.0661v10 (2009). PDF
- ↑ Putterman S.J. (1974). Superfluid hydrodynamics. North-Holland, Amsterdam
- ↑ Feynman, R. P. (1955). Application of quantum mechanics to liquid helium. Progress in Low Temperature Physics 1: 17–53. ISSN 00796417
- ↑ Cite error: Invalid
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- ↑ Allen C.W.(1973). Astrophysical quantities. 3-d edition. University of London, The Athlone Press