Open academia refers to scholarly work (research, education, and service) conducted in the spirit of free culture and following ethical principles characterised by valuing openness, freedom, and transparency. This requires use of open processes including open access, formats, licenses, and governance.
Two underlying principles of open academia are:
- Open by default (e.g., (fully) openly licensed - use CC-0 or CC-BY-A or CC-BY-SA; avoid CC-by-NC and all rights reserved)
- Everything should be maximally re-usable (e.g., use openly editable formats)
Attitudes towards intellectual property are often not unlike attitudes towards:
- body organs
- property and possessions
i.e., If you give them away, you probably have less to live with
However, intellectual property is an entirely different beast and is more like:
i.e., the more you give, the more that tends to get returned - a positive feedback loop - knowledge grows when shared
Academic pursuit is about standing on the shoulders of giants and allowing others to stand on your shoulders. When knowledge is openly licensed, our shoulders are higher and stronger.
Key values underlying the practice of open academia including freedom, transparency, accessibility and re-usability.
|Freedom to use, change, develop materials without restriction
|Processes are open to review to help ensure quality and integrity in the public interest
|Activities are available and accessible to people with economic or cultural prejudice or discrimination
|Materials are maximally flexible and re-usable; re-usable utility is key to the value of processes, activities, and outputs.
Open academia utilises these processes:
|Materials are open and accessible to the public with no to minimal barrier.
|Materials are available as digital files which use open standards.
|Materials are freely re-usable, e.g., use Creative Commons licensing
|Materials are developed using software with freely available code. What is free sofware?
|Open management /
|Scholarly activities are governed openly and transparently.
The processes enable the three main functions or activities of open academics and open academic institutions such as universities: research, teaching and service.
|Research plans, proposals, methods, data, results, reports, and publications etc. are open and are readily and easily available for public benefit.
|Open education /
|Academic knowledge, skills and materials are openly shared and learning experiences are openly facilitated.
|The university community openly connects with broader society in such a way as to maximise the public benefit that may arise from its knowledge and capacity.
See also edit
- Emerging scholar
- Going naked - Openism and freedom in academia
- Open by default (Wikipedia)
- Open education and research at the University of Canberra
- Open academia in practice
- Open educational resources
- Openness and flexibility: How open education can facilitate flexible learning
- Open journals
- Open science
- Open source
- Radical transparency
- Wikimedia and Open Academia