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O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z &
- The picture shows a pipe. Below it, Magritte painted, "Ceci n'est pas une pipe"..., French for "This is not a pipe." The painting is not a pipe, but rather an image of a pipe, which was Magritte's point:
- The famous pipe. How people reproached me for it! And yet, could you stuff my pipe? No, it's just a representation, is it not? So if I had written on my picture "This is a pipe," I'd have been lying! [c 1]
|The Treachery of Images: This is not a pipe.|
|Ceci n'est pas une pipe.|
Note: This is a parody. 
- Wells, H. G. (1933). The Shape of Things to Come. Hutchinson. [^]
- Korzybski, Alfred (1933). Science and Sanity: An Introduction to Non-Aristotelian Systems and General Semantics. 5th ed., Institute of General Semantics, 1994. [^]
- Dictum: "The map is not the territory."
- Magritte, René (1933). The Human Condition (La condition humaine). National Gallery of Art, Washington DC. [^]
- Magritte, René (1929). The Treachery of Images (La trahison des images). Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California. [^]
- Ogden, C. K. & I. A. Richards (1923). The Meaning of Meaning: A Study of the Influence of Language upon Thought and of the Science of Symbolism. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. [^]
- Zipf's (1949) principle of least effort. Regardless of any caption, on the other hand, the image of a dragon for example may make believe that a dragon is a real existence. Such would be idols. Such may be the general pitfall of any symbolism as well as the magic of images and words shaping or changing the mind. Maybe underlying is lying!
What if the dragon is no more than an image of surrealistic imagination, say, from the scientific perspective? Is it not that lying is underlying such images as on the right? What about the story or history of St. George who allegedly pierced the dragon with the spear? From the commons: Category:Saint George and the Dragon and the like, guess how expandedly such images are reproduced and used for brainwashing. Perhaps the surrealist artist Magritte may well know how easy it is to use images and words in lying or brainwashing. They may be not only uncertain but also unreal and untrue. That is, the artifact is not referring of itself, but related by the cognitive or "knowing subject," to the fact.
The vital question of truism doubted (hence famously dotted) between the artifact and the fact may have been (perhaps first and best) shown by Ogden & Richards (1923), by virtue of the w: triangle of reference on the right bottom, as parodied 6 decades later by an English philosopher Simon Blackburn (1984) without reference to such a definite precursor or predecessor he must know. What made him shy away at all? What an academic shame or infame anyway! Academia may be an ivory tower no more but just a center for hacking and parody at will -- perhaps a sign of ugly ending of capitalism! Perhaps a way of survival may be to "acknowledge intellectual debts" frankly.