Archaeology is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains and environmental data, including architecture, artifacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes.
The goals of archaeology are to document and explain the origins and development of human culture, understand culture history, chronicle cultural evolution, and study human behavior and ecology, for both prehistoric and historic societies. It is considered in North America to be one of the four sub-fields of anthropology.
Djoser was King of Upper and Lower Egypt in ca. 2680 BCE. Djoser was a king early in the 3rd dynasty. The construction and development of the pyramid complex is generally attributed to the architect Imhotep.
The inscription above is a redrawing of a statue base giving the names and titles of Imhotep as well as the name of Djoser. On the left is the text identifying Imhotep. To the right of the first Djed pillar on the left is a serekh (palace facade) topped by a falcon mentioning the name Netjerikhet (another name for Djoser).
The above description is based on information given by Miroslav Verner.(more...)