Wireshark/IPv6 multicast

Wireshark is a free and open source packet analyzer used for network troubleshooting and analysis. These activities will show you how to use Wireshark to capture and analyze IPv6 multicast traffic.

Readings edit

Preparation edit

To prepare for this activity:

  1. Start Windows.
  2. Log in if necessary.
  3. Install Wireshark.

Activity 1 - Capture IPv6 Multicast Traffic edit

To capture IPv6 multicast traffic:

  1. Start a Wireshark capture.
  2. In Windows, select Start and then type Network and Sharing Center in the Run box. Press Enter.
  3. Select Change advanced sharing settings.
  4. Note the current status of Network discovery. If it is already on, select Turn off network discovery and Save changes.
  5. Select Turn on network discovery and Save changes.
  6. Wait a few seconds for network discovery to generate multicast traffic.
  7. If Network discovery was initially off, select Turn off network discovery and Save changes to return the status to the original setting. If network discovery was initially on, leave it on.
  8. Stop the Wireshark capture.

Activity 2 - Analyze IPv6 Multicast Traffic edit

To analyze IPv6 multicast traffic:

  1. Observe the traffic captured in the top Wireshark packet list pane. To view only IPv6 multicast traffic, type ipv6.addr >= ff00:: (lower case) in the Filter box and press Enter.
  2. The traffic you are most likely to see is ICMPv6 and Simple Service Discovery Protocol (SSDP) traffic. You may also see Web Services Dynamic Discovery (WS-Discovery) traffic or other multicast traffic. Whatever you find, select the first frame.
  3. Observe the packet details in the middle Wireshark packet details pane. Notice that it is an Ethernet II / Internet Protocol Version 6 frame.
  4. Expand Ethernet II to view the Ethernet details.
  5. Observe the Destination address. Notice that it starts with 33:33, the Ethernet multicast address for IPv6.
  6. Expand Internet Protocol Version 6 to view IPv6 details.
  7. Observe the Destination address. Notice that it begins with ff (ff00::/8), the IPv6 multicast range. If it is SSDP or WS-Discovery traffic, it will be addressed to ff02::c.
  8. Select additional frames and observe the Ethernet and IPv6 details for multicast traffic.
  9. Close Wireshark to complete this activity. Quit without Saving to discard the captured traffic.

References edit