Abbreviation

Meaning

$\alpha$

Alpha

ANOVA

Analysis of Variance

ANCOVA

Analysis of Covariance

β

Beta (Standardised regression coefficient)

$\chi$ ^{2} 
Chisquare

CI

Confidence Interval

df

Degrees of Freedom

DV

Dependent Variable

e

Error

ES

Effect Size

$\eta$ ^{2} 
Etasquared

$\eta$ _{p}^{2} 
Partial Etasquared

H_{0} 
Null hypothesis

H_{1} 
Alternative hypothesis

IV

Independent Variable

LOM

Level of Measurement

LR

Linear Regression

M

Mean

MD

Mahalanobis’ Distance

MLR

Multiple Linear Regression

MVO

Multivariate Outlier

N

Sample Size

PASW

Statistical Package for the Social Sciences  formerly known as SPSS

$\phi$

Phi

r

Productmoment correlation or Pearson’s correlation

R

Multiple correlation coefficient

SD

Standard Deviation

SE

Standard Error

SPSS

Statistical Package for the Social Sciences  now known as PASW

ST

Significance Test/Testing
