Strategy to Execution

Background edit

“Strategy to Execution” (also known by the abbreviation “S2E”) is a term that emerged out of the discipline of business architecture and consulting firms such as Accelare [1] who owns the trademark on the phrase. [2] Broadly speaking, “Strategy to Execution” is an umbrella term under the family of strategic management practices that unities strategic planning with strategy implementation.

“Strategy to Execution” is distinguished from other strategic management approaches in that it has a focus on improving an organization’s business capabilities and associated operating model. Inherent in this approach is a focus on assessing and improving an organization’s business capabilities, which are supported by the organization’s underlying operating model (e.g., talent, processes, technology, information). [3] Ross, Weill and Robertson posit in Enterprise Architecture as Strategy [4] that an organization’s strategy is often either poorly articulated or in a state of flux; that it is more practical to focus on a firm’s capabilities and constituent operating model. The fundamental definition of capabilities (the "WHAT") of an organization are consistent year-over-year, and provide a more consistent platform for analysis and continuous improvement. [5]

  • if capabilities are the "what": what are the "why" / "how"?
  • is strategy the "why"?
  • is operating model the "how"?
  • might be helpful to complete this "parallel structure"

There are several publicly available frameworks from consulting firms that articulate the underlying processes of Strategy to Execution. [6] [7] The Business Architecture Guild also offers a structured approach to creating the underlying analysis and supporting artifacts for these processes via their Business Architecture Body of Knowledge, or BIZBOK. [8] There are also approaches that have been borne out of academia, such as the Strategic Execution Framework created at Stanford University. [9]

Business Operating model edit

The operating model outlines how the organization operates internally, to deliver value propositions to its stakeholders. It includes capabilities, processes, organizational structure, IT systems, equipment, brand, information, knowledge and other organizational resources.

Process Overview edit

While there is no one definitive “Strategy to Execution” process, most publicly available models agree on the sub-processes outlined below. Each process has a set of supporting tools of varied lineage but are generally part of strategic management best practices that have been broadly syndicated.

1. Formulate the strategy edit

As the name suggests, the purpose of this first group of activities is to design the organization's strategy. This group of activities consists of analyzing the external and internal environments, proposing strategy options and choosing the most appropriate of these alternatives.

1.2 Analytical techniques edit

Inputs: Environmental scanning, macro-trends, industry trends, industry analysis, competitive intelligence

Activities: Strategic planning activities include strategy development among the organization's leaders and personnel to develop a common understanding regarding the competitive environment and what the organization's response to that environment (its strategy) should be. This could include looking at common synergies across individual operating plans, that may aggregate into strategic themes.

Outputs: Competitive positioning, strategic choices, strategic plans, strategic roadmaps

Common Tools/Frameworks:

Inputs: Competitive positioning, strategic choices, strategic plans, strategic roadmaps

1.2.4 Internal Communication techniques edit

Activities: Activities largely consist of communicating the strategy or strategic plan throughout the organization. It can also include aligning the incentives of the organization back to the strategy to ensure the its successful execution. Oftentimes, this cascading of communications includes goal alignment in either calendar or fiscal year time frame.

Outputs: Organization awareness, organizational buy-in, incentive alignment, key performance measures

Common Tools/Frameworks:

  • Objectives, goals, strategies and measures (OGSM)
  • Objectives and Key Results (OKRs)
  • Annual operating plans or financial plans [11]
  • Strategy on a Page [12]

2. Implement the Strategy edit

The purpose of the second group of activities is to implement the strategy by aligning the operating model to the new strategy. This exercice presupposes identifying the required transformation projects, determining their scope and executing them.



2.1 Design the target enterprise architecture edit

Identify & Assess Required Value Streams, Capabilities and Supporting Operating Model edit

Inputs: Organization’s strategy, organization’s capability model (if existing), key performance measures

Activities: activities include identifying the value streams as associated capabilities necessary to successfully execute on the organization's strategy, an evaluation of the current state of the organization’s capabilities relative to the strategy, compare and contrast current state and future state capability maturity levels, and oftentimes a desired future state (target operating model) for what the maturity level of the organization’s capabilities will need to look like to ensure success.

Outputs: Capability Framework, Operating Model, Target Operating Model, Capability Gaps, Capability Classification (e.g., what are an organization’s “advantage” capabilities)

Common Tools/Frameworks

2.2 Develop the Transformation plans edit

Identify & Prioritize Investments edit

Inputs: Key capability gaps, Target Operating Model

Activities: Investment management processes that ensure that investments are aligned to the set of strategies that the organization is pursuing; also can include alignment of overall resources (people, capital, etc.) to ensure successful execution

Outputs: Prioritized Investments, Portfolio / Program management structure

Common Tools/Frameworks

3. Execute the strategy edit

Inputs: Prioritized Investments, Portfolio / Program management structure

Activities: Project execution, Product execution

Outputs: transformed business capabilities (talent, process improvement, software/technology enablement)

Common Tools/Frameworks

6. Monitor & Adjust Approach edit

Inputs: Key performance indicators, success metrics for the strategy

Activities: Building a balanced scorecard or a similar construct that measures the organization’s progress against the KPIs established when creating the original strategy. It also includes the necessary adjustments to the strategy or to the execution to ensure that the KPIs are achieved.

Outputs: Dashboards, Scorecards, Adjustment to Strategy or to required investments

Common Tools/Frameworks

7. Management and Execution edit

Watch what is basic to you and be over those OKRs from over your group. Dissimilar to different status reporting tools, The OKR Software permits to make various channels to manage time effectively and address those need consideration immediately.[15]

Oftentimes the process is completed on an annual basis in accordance to an organization's overall strategic planning cadence.

See Also edit

References edit