# Selected topics in finite mathematics/Graph coloring

## Objectives

To color all the vertices where no adjacent vertex is alike, use the least amount of colors possibles

## Details

vertex coloring graph where no adjacent vertices are similar, two coloring a graph that you only use 2 colors, and three coloring a graph that you only use 3 colors

## Examples

Examples of graph colorings Figure E1 Figure E2 Figure E3 Figure E4 Figure E5
1. The graphs in figure E1-E5 have been colored with three colors. Note in particular that no two adjacent vertices share the same color.

## Nonexamples

Examples of graphs with colored vertices, that are not graph colorings Figure N1 Figure N2
1. Neither of the graphs in figures N1 nor N2 are valid colorings because some adjacent vertices use the same color. That is, two vertices that share an edge have the same color.

## Homework Figure H1 Figure H2 Figure H3 Figure H4 Figure H5
1. Color the graph in figure H1 with as few colors as possible.
2. Color the graph in figure H2 with as few colors as possible.
3. Color the graph in figure H3 with as few colors as possible.
4. Color the graph in figure H4 with as few colors as possible.
5. Color the graph in figure H5 with as few colors as possible.

## Homework Solutions

2. 5 colors must be used because each vertex is connected to all of the surrounding vertices