Informal learning activities/Bckgrnd


Names are of two general kinds: specific names, such as Balaclava and Churchill, that normally begin with a capital letter, and generic names, such as cat and mouse, that don't usually even start with a capital letter.


The present plan for name trees is to set up two trees for specific names and two for generic names.

The two generic name trees, which are inherently simpler than the specific ones, are on the one hand for names of inanimate things or parts thereof, on the other for names of animate things or aspects thereof.  Generic items, and they are not limited to nouns, are particularly useful for anyone wanting to expand their vocabulary for activities such as doing crossword puzzles.

The two specific name trees will be for names of individual people or peoples on the one hand, and for names of places or their content on the other.  Specific items are intended for people wishing to extend their appreciation of history and geography.

The items of all four of these name trees are simply samples, ideally of unfamiliar names, chosen with the aim of providing a relaxed informal experience for general users, and so the trees should not get very large.  When these are set up, interested Wikiversity contributors should feel free to either set up other name trees for general users, or name trees for more specific users, for example, for children or young people, or for particular classes of people, for example gardeners or bird watchers.

The description below is intended to help anyone wishing to contribute to this learning facility to simplify the coding.

Layout of Name TreesEdit

Name trees files are divided according to their initial letter, and hold very brief text for each name.  Each name itself provides a link to its primary Wikipedia or, for generic items, a Wiktionary site.&nbp;

Because most of the alphabet is grouped in file holding three initial letters, the heading to each provides direct links to other parts of the name tree, together with a link to the same part of the other (generic or specific) name tree.

Within each specific name tree file the links are in alphabetic sequence of their names, with the first link for each second letter, which is called a leader, starting a new line of the display and with a leadimg • to distinguish a line of display starting with a leader from a line simply continuing display items with the same two initial letters, which are called trailers.


The various name trees in essence provide a front end to enable wandering around Wikipedia, and, in some cases, around Wiktionary as well.  Wikipedia links typically provide much richer wandering than Wiktionary links.  That's why Wikipedia is linked to much more frequently than is Wiktionary.

Some of the following templates are intended to help with coding for starting such wandering at a particular link.  Others provide similar coding for some formatting.

There are two types of templates for both Wikipedia and Wiktionary links.  These types provide for a link coupled to a hint, the hint being given to suggest the kind of wandering to casual users, or to reinforce the memory of users wanting to extend their memory.

Formatting AssistanceEdit

Font control
Bg {{{1}}}Sm {{{1}}}Ty {{{1}}}
BG {{{1}}}SM {{{1}}}TY {{{1}}}
bG {{{1}}}sM {{{1}}}tY {{{1}}}
Embedded links
Gb{{{2}}} GbgAthrOp{{{2}}} Open LibraryOG{{{2}}}{{{3}}}{{{5}}}
Gbs{{{2}}} GbgSbjctGbn{{{2}}} GbgNoOpGs{{{2}}}{{{3}}}{{{5}}} OLbryGbgSj
Wp  [[w:{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]]Wq [[w:{{{1}}}|+]] Wr [[w:{{{1}}}|{{{2}}}]]
Xp[[wikt:{{{1}}}#English|{{{1}}}]] Xq[[wikt:{{{1}}}#English|+]] Xr[[wikt:{{{1}}}#English|{{{2}}}]]
aS [[../STw{{{1}}}| {{{1}}}]]bB [[../STw{{{1}}}| {{{1}}}]] [[../STw{{{2}}}| {{{2}}}]]
cS [[../BBw{{{1}}}|(«»]]{{{1}}}[[../DTx{{{1}}}|⇓⇓)]]dS Things and Bitsː {{{1}}}{{{2}}}__  Other initialsː 
eS Things and Bitsː {{{1}}}__fS Things and Bitsː {{{1}}}__  Other initialsː 
aB [[../BBw{{{1}}}| {{{1}}}]]bB [[../BBw{{{1}}}| {{{1}}}]] [[../BBw{{{2}}}| {{{2}}}]]
cB [[../STw{{{1}}}|(«»]]{{{1}}}[[../LTx{{{1}}}|⇓⇓)]]dB Beings & Behaviourː {{{1}}}{{{2}}}__  Other initialsː 
eB Beings & Behaviourː {{{1}}}__fB Beings & Behaviourː {{{1}}}__  Other initialsː 
aM [[../MWw{{{1}}}| {{{1}}}]]bM [[../MWw{{{1}}}| {{{1}}}]] [[../MWw{{{2}}}| {{{2}}}]]
cM [[../PBw{{{1}}}|(«»]]{{{1}}}[[../WMx{{{1}}}|⇓⇓)]]dM Men & Womenː {{{1}}}{{{2}}}__  Other initialsː 
eM Men & Womenː {{{1}}}__
aP [[../PBw{{{1}}}| {{{1}}}]]bP [[../PBw{{{1}}}| {{{1}}}]] [[../PBw{{{2}}}| {{{2}}}]]
cP [[../MWw{{{1}}}|(«»]]{{{1}}}[[../BPx{{{1}}}|⇓⇓)]]dP Places & Buildingsː {{{1}}}{{{2}}}__  Other initialsː 
eP Places & Buildingsː {{{1}}}__

ST/St/sT Links to WikipediaEdit

The templates in the tables below are not ideally named because they were added to as the need became evident.  However, the table shows the effect of each, in particular the new line caused by the <br> generated by the templates in the first column of the table.  The grouping should help locate a needed template.

Note also STnx which is used to join short lines.  There are examples in most pages, especially in the Vz ones.

Plain double
• [[w:{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]] ({{{2}}})
STb   [[w:{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]] ({{{2}}})
• [[w:{{{2}}}|{{{1}}}]] ({{{2}}})
STh  [[w:{{{2}}}|{{{1}}}]] ({{{2}}})
• [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{1}}}]] ({{{2}}})
STy  [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{1}}}]] ({{{2}}})
• [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] ({{{1}}})
Sty  [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] ({{{1}}})
Plain triple
• [[w:{{{1}}}|{{{2}}}]] ({{{3}}})
STd  [[w:{{{1}}}|{{{2}}}]] ({{{3}}})
• [[w:{{{1}}}#{{{2}}}|{{{3}}}]] ({{{1}}})
Std  [[w:{{{1}}}#{{{2}}}|{{{3}}}]] ({{{1}}})
• [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{1}}}]] ({{{3}}})
STw  [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{1}}}]] ({{{3}}})
• [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] ({{{3}}})
Stw  [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] ({{{3}}})
• [[w:{{{1}}}#{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] ({{{3}}})
sTw  [[w:{{{1}}}#{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] ({{{3}}})
• [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{3}}}]] ({{{1}}})
STu  [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{3}}}]] ({{{1}}})
• [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{3}}}]] ({{{2}}})
Stu  [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{3}}}]] ({{{2}}})
• [[w:{{{1}}} ({{{2}}})|{{{1}}}]] ({{{3}}})
STf  [[w:{{{1}}} ({{{2}}})|{{{1}}}]] ({{{3}}})
• [[w:{{{1}}} ({{{2}}})|{{{3}}}]] ({{{4}}})
Stf  [[w:{{{1}}} ({{{2}}})|{{{3}}}]] ({{{4}}})
• [[w:{{{1}}} ({{{2}}})|{{{1}}}]] ({{{2}}})
STs  [[w:{{{1}}} ({{{2}}})|{{{1}}}]] ({{{2}}})
• [[w:{{{1}}} ({{{2}}})|{{{2}}}]] ({{{1}}})
Sts  [[w:{{{1}}} ({{{2}}})|{{{2}}}]] ({{{1}}})
• [[w:{{{1}}} ({{{2}}})|{{{2}}}]] ({{{3}}})
StS  [[w:{{{1}}} ({{{2}}})|{{{2}}}]] ({{{3}}})
• [[w:{{{1}}} ({{{2}}})|{{{3}}}]] ({{{1}}})
STq  [[w:{{{1}}} ({{{2}}})|{{{3}}}]] ({{{1}}})
• [[w:{{{1}}} ({{{2}}})|{{{3}}}]] ({{{2}}})
Stq  [[w:{{{1}}} ({{{2}}})|{{{3}}}]] ({{{2}}})

Templates called STA and STC were also set up to be just like STa and STc except that the leading <br> is left off in case they are to follow a heading enclosed in, say, === which typically provides a blank line following.  These can be ignored.

ST Links to WiktionaryEdit

As for templates coding links to Wikipedia, both leader and trailer templates are provided for coding links to Wiktionary, but because linking to the beginning of a Wiktionary site wastes display space, especially in the case of the table of contents, the linking in their templates is more complicated.

The leader templates are STi STk STm and STo, while the trailer templates are STj STl STn and STp. The following table shows the effect of each, in particular the new line caused by the <br> generated by the templates in the first column of the table.

• [[wikt:{{{1}}}#English|{{{1}}}]] ({{{2}}})
STj   [[wikt:{{{1}}}#English|{{{1}}}]] ({{{2}}})
• [[wikt:{{{1}}}#{{{2}}}|{{{1}}}]] ({{{3}}})
STl  [[wikt:{{{1}}}#{{{2}}}|{{{1}}}]] ({{{3}}})
• [[wikt:{{{1}}}|{{{2}}}]] ({{{3}}})
STn  [[wikt:{{{1}}}|{{{2}}}]] ({{{3}}})
• [[wikt:{{{1}}}#English|{{{2}}}]] ({{{3}}})
STp  [[wikt:{{{1}}}#English|{{{2}}}]] ({{{3}}})

STi and STj have two arguments or fields.  The first template is encoded as {{../STi|link|hint}} which will produce as code
and the second is encoded as {{../STj|link|hint}} which will produce as code
and both give the required display of link (hint) where clicking on the link brings up the required Wiktionary site just past the table of contents.

MW Links to WikipediaEdit

MWa  {{{1}}} [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] {{{3}}} ({{{4}}})  MWb  {{{1}}} [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}} {{{3}}}|{{{3}}}]] {{{4}}} ({{{5}}}) 
MwB {{{1}}} [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}} {{{3}}}|{{{2}}}]] {{{4}}} ({{{5}}}) Mwb {{{2}}} [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}} {{{3}}}|{{{3}}}]] {{{4}}} ({{{5}}}) 
MWc {{{1}}} [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}, {{{3}}}|{{{2}}}]] {{{4}}} ({{{5}}}) MWd {{{1}}} [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{3}}}]] {{{4}}} ({{{5}}}) 
Mwc {{{1}}} [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}} {{{3}}}|{{{2}}}]] {{{4}}} ({{{5}}}) Mwd [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{1}}}]] {{{2}}}  {{{3}}} ({{{4}}}) 
MWe {{{1}}} [[w:{{{2}}}|{{{3}}}]] {{{4}}} ({{{5}}}) Mwe {{{1}}} [[w:{{{2}}} {{{3}}}|{{{3}}}]] {{{4}}} ({{{5}}}) 
MwE {{{1}}} [[w:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] {{{3}}} ({{{4}}}) 
MWf {{{1}}} [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}} ({{{3}}})|{{{2}}}]] {{{4}}} ({{{5}}}) MWg {{{1}}} [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}} ({{{3}}})|{{{2}}}]] {{{4}}} ({{{3}}}) 
MWh [[w:{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]] {{{2}}} ({{{3}}}) MWi [[w:{{{1}}}|{{{2}}}]] {{{3}}} ({{{4}}}) 
MWj [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{1}}}]] {{{3}}} ({{{2}}}) MWk [[w:{{{1}}} ({{{2}}})|{{{1}}}]] {{{3}}} ({{{2}}}) 
Mwj [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{1}}}]] {{{3}}} ({{{4}}}) Mwk [[w:{{{1}}} ({{{2}}})|{{{1}}}]] {{{3}}} ({{{4}}}) 
MWl [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] {{{3}}} ({{{4}}}) MWm [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}} {{{3}}}|{{{1}}}]] {{{4}}} ({{{3}}}) 
Mwl [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] {{{3}}} ({{{1}}}) 

PB Links to WikipediaEdit

PBa  [[w:{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]]{{../{{{2}}}}}({{{3}}}) PBb  [[w:{{{1}}}|{{{2}}}]]{{../{{{3}}}}}({{{4}}}) 
PBc [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{1}}}]]{{../{{{3}}}}}({{{2}}}) PBd [[w:{{{1}}}, {{{2}}}|{{{1}}}]]{{../{{{3}}}}}({{{4}}}) 
Pbc [[w:{{{1}}} ({{{2}}})|{{{1}}}]]{{../{{{3}}}}}({{{2}}}) Pbd [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{1}}}]]{{../{{{3}}}}}({{{4}}}) 
PBe [[w:{{{1}}} ({{{2}}})|{{{1}}}]]{{../{{{3}}}}}({{{4}}}) PBf [[w:{{{1}}} ({{{2}}})|{{{3}}}]]{{../{{{4}}}}}({{{5}}}) 
Pbe [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{1}}} {{{2}}}]]{{../{{{3}}}}}({{{4}}}) Pbf [[w:{{{1}}}, {{{2}}}|{{{3}}}]]{{../{{{4}}}}}({{{5}}}) 
PBg {{{1}}} [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]]{{../{{{3}}}}}({{{4}}}) PBh {{{1}}} [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}, {{{3}}}|{{{2}}}]]{{../{{{4}}}}}({{{5}}}) 
Pbg [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]]{{../{{{3}}}}}({{{4}}}) Pbh [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}} {{{3}}}|{{{1}}}]]{{../{{{4}}}}}({{{3}}}) 
PbG {{{1}}} [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{3}}}]]{{../{{{4}}}}}({{{5}}})  PbH [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}} {{{3}}}|{{{2}}}]]{{../{{{4}}}}}({{{3}}}) 
PBG [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}, {{{3}}}|{{{1}}}]]{{../{{{4}}}}}({{{2}}}) PBH [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}} {{{3}}}|{{{3}}}]]{{../{{{4}}}}}({{{1}}}) 
PBi• [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]]{{../{{{3}}}}}({{{1}}}) PBj• [[w:{{{1}}} {{{2}}}|{{{3}}}]]{{../{{{4}}}}}({{{2}}}) 


PB items include a link to the country or area that holds or held the item of the link.  The following table lists the templates for these countries or areas, and a table beyond listing combined links.

Ab Albn Af Afghnn Ag Argntn Al Algr Anl Antl 
Ar Astr Arm Armn As Asm Atl Astrl 
Bc Bctr BE BrEmp Bgr Blgr BH BsnHzgv Bk Blkns Bm Blgm Bn Bnn 
Br Blrs Bth Bthyn Bv Blv By Brtny Bz Brzl 
CA CntrlAs Cc Ccss Chl Chl Chn Chn Cm Clmb Cnd Cnd 
Cnn Cnn Cr Crt Crb Crbn Cw Crnwl Cy Cyprs Cz CzchR 
Dm Dnmrk 
Ec Ecdr EC EChnl EE EErp Eg Egpt En Englnd 
Ep Ethp Es Estn ES ESlvdr Ev Esclvn 
Fld Fnlnd Fr Frnc 
Gc Grc Gl Glc Gr Grmny Gyn Gyn 
Hds Hds 
Il Isrl In Ind Iq Irq Ir Irlnd Irn Irn Is Indns It Itly 
Jd Jrdn Jp Jpn Js Jrslm Kv Ksv 
Lb Lbr Lby Lby Lth Lthn Ltv Ltv 
Mdt MdtrnS ME ME Mg Mdgscr Ml Mlys Mn Moon Mng Mntngr Mp Msptm 
Mr Mrv Mrc Mrc Mt ?? Mt MlkyWy MWy Mxc My Mynmr Mz Mzmbq 
NAO NAtlOcn Nc Ncrg NE NErp Ngr Ngr NI NIrlnd Nmb Nmb 
Np Npl Nt Nthrlnds Nw Nrwy NZ NZ 
Pg Prtgl Pk Pkstn Pl Plnd Pnm Pnm PO PcfOcn 
Pp Phlpns PRc PrtRc Pru Peru 
Rs Rsa 
SAO SAtlOcn SA SAfrc Sb Sbr Sc Sctlnd SdA SdArb Sdn Sdn Sgl Sgl SL SrLn 
SmI SlmnIi Sp Spn Srb Srb SrL SrLnk Sw Swdn Swz Swzlnd 
Tk Trky Tz Tnz 
Uk Ukrn UK UK US USA Uv Unvrs 
VI VrgnI Wl Wls Ymn Ymn Zb Zmb Zz Znzbr 
BrLth Blrs/Lthn BmFr Blgm/Frnc 
CzGr CzchR/Grmny 
GrcTk Grc/Trky 
InNp Ind/Npl InSrL Ind/SrL