History of Quebec and Canada/Study Guide/Topic 1: Quebec Act 1774
After Britain won the war of Seven Years against France, France gave up New France to the English. So now Britain had full control over the entire continent. But as the year 1774 rolled around, the Americans of the 13 colonies sent of the Declaration of Independence in order to make the 13 colonies become it's own country; The United States of America. England declined the Declaration, and elevated taxes on the products that were being shipped to New Britain, as well as remaking the French territory back to the way it once was, and making the English territory smaller. So the Americans declared war against the British.
This change was later named by the British Government as the Quebec Act.