Komagatake, Japan 1640
- Mt. Komagatake erupted in 1640 causing one of the largest disasters.
- This eruption caused a debris avalanche, creating a horseshoe-shaped crater.
- The avalanche of debris entered the sea and caused a destructive and devastating tsunami, causing more than 700 people to drown.
- The tsunami was followed by a Plinain eruption.
- Plinian eruption is a volcanic eruption that includes a stream of gas and also ash that is violently ejected to a height of several miles.
- This eruption caused a tsunami that left behind deposits 8.5m above sea level, which was 40 km away from the mountain.
- Mt. Komagatake’s summit collapse due to a sector breakdown.
- Komagatake erupted out pyroclastic material such as pumice, a porus or spongy form of volcanic glass providing proof that is also a explosive volcano.
- It is a composite volcano because it has broad bases and sides that get steeper towards the summit.
- The formation of Mt. Komagatake took place in the late Pleistocene but has changed over various eruptions.
- Pleistocene is the earlier period of the Quaternary (occurring in sets of four or consisting of four parts) or the corresponding series of rocks.