Virtues/six foundations of morality

The Five Moral FoundationsEdit

In his book “The Righteous Mind”, Jonathan Haidt describes these five foundations of morality[1]:

  • Care – Protect others from harm,
  • Fairness – exchanges are reciprocal and proportional, don't cheat,
  • Loyalty – support our team and our tribe,
  • Authority – respect those above you in the hierarchy,
  • Sanctity – noble things are good, disgusting things are bad.


  1. Haidt, Jonathan (2012). The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion. Pantheon. p. 448. ISBN 978-0307377906.