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$\Delta V_{AB}=V_{A}-V_{B}=-\int _{A}^{B}{\vec {E}}\cdot d{\vec {\ell }}$ = electric potential

${\vec {E}}=-{\tfrac {\partial V}{\partial x}}{\hat {i}}-{\tfrac {\partial V}{\partial y}}{\hat {j}}-{\tfrac {\partial V}{\partial z}}{\hat {k}}=-{\vec {\nabla }}V$

$q\Delta V$ = change in potential energy (or simply $U=qV$)

$Power={\tfrac {\Delta U}{\Delta t}}={\tfrac {\Delta q}{\Delta t}}V=IV=e{\tfrac {\Delta N}{\Delta t}}$

Electron (proton) mass = 9.11×10^{−31}kg (1.67× 10^{−27}kg). Elementary charge = e = 1.602×10^{−19}C.

$K={\tfrac {1}{2}}mv^{2}$=kinetic energy. 1 eV = 1.602×10^{−19}J

$V(r)=k{\tfrac {q}{r}}$ near isolated point charge

Many charges: $V_{P}=k\sum _{1}^{N}{\frac {q_{i}}{r_{i}}}\to k\int {\frac {dq}{r}}$.

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