Student Projects/Language skills
Language skills are the capabilities related to the different aspects of using a language. They facilitate proper comprehension and communication in that language. Language skills are generally divided into two major divisions - Receptive and Productive skills. Understanding, reading or listening to a language is termed as Receptive Skills. Producing language through speaking or writing is included in Productive Skills. In the case of first language acquisition, these skills are attained in the order of Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing - together called LSRW skills.
Listening Skill is a receptive skill that requires the use of ears and brain to comprehend what is being said. It is the foremost skill involved in first language acquisition. It is the key to effective communication without which messages could be misheard or misinterpreted. Effective listening involves not only the reception of words uttered but also being aware of the speaker's body language and non-verbal cues.
Speaking Skill is a productive skill that involves producing sound through the vocal tract and the brain. It is the second skill employed in the acquisition of the first language. The skill allows the speakers to express their thoughts or ideas in a thoughtful and convincing manner. Speaking situations could be interactive, partially interactive or non-interactive in nature.
Reading Skill is a receptive skill that employs the eyes and the brain to comprehend the spoken language. Effective reading involves recognizing the written text, connecting it to prior knowledge and retaining the information. Various reading strategies are employed in the process of reading, such as skimming, scanning, extensive and intensive reading.
Writing Skill is a productive skill that requires the use of hands and brain to produce a written text. It facilitates communication with a larger audience both online and offline. Effective written communication is enabled by spelling-free or grammatical-error-free text.