Student Projects/Education in Kerala
education in kerala : Kerala is a highly literate state compared to other states here education is provided to every child weather male or female without any gender discrimination .from the below table we get evidence for this statement .In the private sector we can see that the percentage of total male students is equal to the female students. But in the aided school and government school there is variations in the percentage of female and male students. from this we can infer that female students are not facing any discrimination in educational sector. India’s elementary education budget has increased more than two fold since 2007-08, from Rs. 68,853 Corers to Rs. 147,059 in 2012-13. In 2012-13, the average allocation per student in India’s government elementary schools was Rs. 11,509 for the same period. In the Financial Year 2013 – 2014, The Government of India’s allocation for Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is Rs. 27,258 Corers. Kerala occupies second position which have been doing extremely well in per student allocation, Rs 37,667 respectively, in 2014-15.
Gender Wise Distribution Of Students In Elementary Education Under Different Schools. Gender disparities are virtually non-existent in schools in Calicut district in Kerala under elementary education. Female literacy has been one of the cardinal features of social development in Kerala and is responsible for the state’s enviable demographic pattern. Kerala. There has been some effort to increase female enrolment (e.g. the Kanya Kelavani Initiative, the National Programme for the Education of Girls at the Elementary Level, Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya, etc.), but it appears that these interventions have had little impact on gender parity. Kerala is an example of a state where economic gains have not translated to social gains (An important feature in Kerala is that the percentage of girls in total enrolment is high and remains almost the same at different type of management under elementary education. Girls are still less likely to enrol in school than boys. Gender equality in education and enhancing the access of girls to elementary education are influenced by three inter-locking sets of issues – Systemic; Content and Process of Education and Economy, Society and Culture.
Influence Of Parental Education On Selection Of Schooh Highly qualified and economically well sound parents highly prefer private aided schools mainly because of the quality maintained in elementary education by private schools when compared to government and aided schools in Kerala this fact has been revealed through the table and figure given below.
Percentage Of Components Of Private Academic Cost In Different Types Of Management Under Elementary Education In Kerela Private cost can also be categorized as Direct Cost and Indirect Cost. Direct cost is categorized as Academic Cost and Incidental Cost. Expenses which are directly related to instruction are termed as academic cost and expenses which are not directly related to instruction are termed as incidental cost. private academic cost is greater in private sector than the other two sectors . We can also observe that PAC in government and aided sector is almost the same. Percentage of Components of Private Academic Cost In different types of management under elementary education in Kerala is given is represented in the above figure.
COMPARISON OF LITERACY RATE BETWEEN INDIA AND KERALA , GENDERWISE DISTRIBUTION AND COMPARISON. Kerala with its rich culture of respecting womanhood had given due value to her rights and needs boosting her self esteem. In spite of its varied traditions, all have offered more scope and place for women than they experienced elsewhere in India. Kerala is the state with the highest literacy rate among women, a state where female to male ratio is higher, suggesting that there are fewer numbers of selective abortion or female infanticide. The Kerala evidence suggests that literate men have literate sons, but literate women have literate families. As per the norms of National Literacy Mission, a literacy rate above 90 % shall be treated as complete literacy. On this basis, Kerala (93.91%) was declared a, 'Fully Literate State', on April 18th, 1991. 91.98% of women in the state are literate which is extremely higher (65.64) than the national literacy rate of women. It seems that more than three-fourth percent of the total population are literate and there exists not much discrepancy between male and female population. The female literacy rate was growing at 1.69 per cent (1991-2001) as against the male literacy growth rate of 0.58 per cent in the state of Kerala.
EDUCATION IN KERALA In Kerala, School education is divided into 2 different stages, viz., • Primary : it Is the basic stage in schooling. Primary is further divided into Upper Primary (UP) and Lower primary (LP). Apart from the the primary schools there are pre-primary institutions which include Anganvadis, Independent primary schools and other institutions attached to schools. o Lower Primary ( Classes I - IV ) o Upper Primary ( Classes V - VII ) • Secondary This serves as a bridge between the Elementary and Higher Education to prepare young persons of the age group of 14 to 18 for entry into higher education. o Secondary ( Classes VIII - X ) o Higher Secondary ( Classes XI - XII )