In this section we will not start at the beginning of time to find the smallest trace of what we call psychology today. Instead we will start with Epistemology. Epistemology is the study of knowledge, or simply what we know.
What do we know?Edit
There are many forms of knowledge, such as you know your name or some fact, or that you know how to move your arm. Here we will look at two schools of thought and how for 1700 years people attempted to answer this problem. [Rationalism] and [Empiricism]
Rationalist philosophers believe that all knowledge can be understood through a process of reasoning, without any external sources. They do not believe that human beings can understand everything this way, but that it is theoretically possible.
Empiricism is a theory of that believes that all knowledge comes from experience.