PlanetPhysics/Fundamental Notations in Physics

This is a contributed topic entry (in progress) listing notations of fundamental quantities and observables in physics, as well as a listing of related notations of mathematical concepts employed in mathematical physics and physical mathematics.

Notations of Fundamental Physical Quantities, Observables and Related Mathematical ConceptsEdit

\subsubsection{A List of Notations for Fundamental Quantities, Observables Functions, Operators, Tensors and Matrices in Physics}

  1.  
  2.   in a system #  or (Relative) reference frame #  or   (relative to a system of reference   or coordinate system)
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  
  6.   between two points of relative positions   and  
  7.  
  8.  
  9.   (for example in a solid)
  10.   of a Fluid
  11.  
  12.   (relative to a system of reference  )
  13. {\mathbf v} or   in Newtonian mechanics #  observable or, respectively operator in theoretical and quantum physics
  14.   in classical mechanics and relativity theories.
  15.   in quantum mechanics, QFT, etc.
  16.  
  17.  
  18.  
  19.  
  20.  
  21.  
  22.   quantities
  23.   in general relativity #  (term coined by Thomas Young in 1807)
  24.  
  25.  
  26.  
  27.   or Schr\"odinger operator # 
  28.  
  29.  
  30.  
  31.  
  32.  
  33. Failed to parse (unknown function "\F"): {\displaystyle \F = \, Flavor \, Quantum \, numbers}
  34.  
  35.  
  36.  
  37.   (in QCD)
  38.  
  39.  
  40.  
  41.  
  42.  
  43.  
  44.  
  45.   particle # 
  46.  
  47.  
  48.   and \htmladdnormallink{spin {http://planetphysics.us/encyclopedia/QuarkAntiquarkPair.html} Operator}
  49.  
  50.  
  51.  
  52.  
  53.  
  54.  
  55.  
  56.  
  57.  
  58.  
  59.  
  60.  
  61. Failed to parse (unknown function "\E"): {\displaystyle \E \, or\, \mu = \, Electrochemical Potential}
  62.  
  63.  
  64.  
  65. Failed to parse (unknown function "\L"): {\displaystyle \L = \, Mechanical \, Work}
  66.   (Thermodynamic state function)
  67.  
  68.  
  69.  
  70.  
  71.  
  72.  
  73.  
  74. Failed to parse (unknown function "\A"): {\displaystyle \A =\, Abelian \, category}
  75.  
  76.  
  77. Failed to parse (unknown function "\G"): {\displaystyle \G = \, Groupoid}
  78.  
  79.  
  80.  
  81.  
  82. K
  83. L

Fundamental Constants in PhysicsEdit

  •   in vacuum
  •  , or electrical permitivity of vacuum
  •   of vacuum
  •   constant
  •   constant
  •  
  • Electron mass (at rest),  
  • Proton mass (at rest)  
  • Fine-structure constant ,  , is the emf coupling constant (that characterizes the strength of the electromagnetic interaction);   (i.e., approximately  )
  • Neutrino masses (at rest),  
  • Electron charge,  
  • Electron Magnetic Moment,  
  • Proton Magnetic Moment,  
  • neutron Magnetic Moment,  
  • Gyromagnetic Ratios of nucleons or Nuclei,  
  • gyromagnetic ratio of the Electron,  
  • Gyromagnetic Ratio of the Muon,  
  •  
  •   (introduced by Einstein in Relativity Theory)
  • C
  • D
  • E