# PlanetPhysics/Deformation Quantization

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The term deformation quantization  was introduced by Moshe Flato, who suggested that "any nontrivial associative deformation of an algebra of functions should be interpreted as a kind of quantization' ".


Deformation quantization is formally defined as the study of associative ${\displaystyle *}$--products of the form ${\displaystyle f*g=fg\sum _{n>0}[{\hbar }^{n}C_{n}(f,g)]}$, where ${\displaystyle \hbar }$ is a formal parameter (similar to Planck's constant, but allowed to vary), and ${\displaystyle C_{n}}$ are plane curves over ${\displaystyle {\mathcal {C}}}$ that are undergoing an Abelian quantization.

The concept is intensely studied by physical mathematicians, and has been intensively developed in recent years in the context of smooth Poisson manifolds, perhaps because of its potential applications in theoretical physics. Thus, it would be natural to consider such deformations in the direction of Poisson brackets' by choosing ${\displaystyle C_{1}(f,g)=\{f,g\}}$ (cf. Drinfel'd), which is naturally antisymmetric. However, independently of the symplectic structure, one can consider more general deformations than that defined above, because the antisymmetry of ${\displaystyle C_{1}}$ brings no significant loss of generality for any quantization on a smooth (finite dimensional) manifold. Furthermore, the famous result of Hochschild, Kostant and Rosenberg implies that any ${\displaystyle *}$--product on a regular, commutative algebra is equivalent to an algebra defined as above with an antisymmetric ${\displaystyle C_{1}}$.

An especially interesting study is concerned with the deformation quantization on varieties with singularities. The cohomological implications of such singularities should lead to some very interesting mathematical properties and also to novel mathematical results.