Neurologists are physicians that are specialized neurology which includes nerves, brains, spinal cord and muscles. Neurologists have patients that have diseases or mental disorders.

The duty a neurologist performs is to perform surgery and diagnosing, treating, and managing brain and nervous system disorders. This may include disorders affecting a person's speech, memory, language, and cognitive abilities. Neurologists may specialize in research or clinical trials, generalized neurological patient care, or may receive additional training to become a neurosurgeon.

Knowledge on how to treat people that are afflicted by those diseases and disorders is taught during the studying period before becoming a neurologist. Diseases such as Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease and schizophrenia, depression and autism are some of the main disorders and diseases the patients that come to the neurologist are afflicted with.

Neurologists are employed by hospitals and medical clinics. Some are self-employed, opening their own private practice offices. They could be either hired on a salaried basis by an institution such as a hospital, or they can bill the government for each medical service action they provide. Annual earnings vary depending on a number of factors, including experience, location, sub-specialty, and whether or not they are self-employed.

According to a report by the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI), neurologists bill their local(sometimes higher in level) governments an average of about $237,000 a year for medical services provided to the public.