Motivation and emotion/Lectures/Implicit motives and goals
Lecture 05: Implicit motives and goals
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This is the fifth lecture for the Motivation and emotion unit of study.
The 2022 lecture is complete.
The 2023 lecture is in development.
This lecture discusses:
- implicit motives
- goal-setting and goal striving
- What are implicit motives and how do they arise?
- What are the elements of successful goal setting and goal pursuit?
- Implicit (unconscious) motives are socialised rather than innate, and include achievement, affiliation/intimacy, and power motivations.
- People perform best when they have a specific plan of action to pursue a difficult, specific, and self-congruent goal.
- David McClelland and three motivational needs (Management Courses, YouTube) (8:12 mins): Explains the three psychological needs proposed by David McClelland using a practical scenario – building a sales team.
- Locke and Latham's Goal Setting Theory (MindTools, YouTube) (1:29 mins): A lot of contemporary goal setting advice is derived from Locke and Latham's (1990) goal setting theory which is summarised in this video in terms of clarity, challenge, commitment, feedback and complexity.
- Chapter 07: Implicit motives (Reeve, 2018)
- Chapter 08: Goal setting and goal striving (Reeve, 2018)
- Lecture slides
- Implicit motives (Google Slides)
- Goal setting and goal striving (Google Slides)
- Extrinsic motivation and psychological needs (Previous lecture)
- Mindsets, control, and self (Next lecture)
- Goal pursuit (Book chapters)
- Goal setting (Book chapters)
- Implicit motives (Book chapters)
- Lecture 05 recording (2022)
- BBC Interview with Rupert Murdoch (YouTube, 1968) (0:48 min) – Example of one type of social need – the need for power
- Keep your goals to yourself (Derek Sivers, TED talk, 2010) (3 min) – Conventional wisdom is to make our goals public to hold us accountable – but going public gives a (false) sense of satisfaction that can undermine future effort
- If you could achieve one goal in 24 hours (Brian Tracy) (2 min) – A "motivational guru" argues for putting everything aside to achieve one goal in 24 hours
- Locke's goal-setting theory: Setting meaningful, challenging goals (Mind Tools)
- Want to succeed? Don't set goals, set systems (Adam Alter, Big Think) (3:50 mins) – Goal setting and goal striving can be a motivational double-edged sword