Literature review


A literature review is a synthesis of past academic discussion and research findings.

Primary and secondary researchEdit

Literature reviews can be considered secondary research, which may then lead on to original research (primary research). Sometimes the boundary between primary and secondary research is not clear (e.g., a critical review of previously published ideas and data can lead to the discovery of new ideas).


Literature reviews can be[1]:

  1. Scoping (Munn et al., 2018)
  2. Traditional or narrative
  3. Systematic (Munn et al., 2018)
  4. Meta-analytic
  5. Meta-synthesis

See alsoEdit


Munn, Z., Peters, M.D.J., Stern, C. et al. (2018). Systematic review or scoping review? Guidance for authors when choosing between a systematic or scoping review approach. BMC Med Res Methodol 18(143).