Influence of aviation on tourism Industry
Tourism and Air Transport industry are complement each other. Tourism depends on transportation to bring visitors, while the transportation industry depends on tourism to generate demand for its services. The growth in tourism industry directly reflects onto the air transportation. Over the last 25 years, the number of international tourists has more than doubled. The expansion of international tourism has a large impact on the discipline of transport geography.
Transport is the cause and the effect of the growth of tourism. To start with, the improved facilities have stimulated tourism, and the expansion of tourism has stimulated transport. Accessibility is the main function behind the basics of tourism transport. In order to access the areas that are mainly aimed, tourists will use any transportation mode. However, air transport is the main mode for international tourism. Air transport plays a dominant role in inter-regional movements of tourists, which normally entails travel over long-distance. Growth rates of international air traffic are pegged with growth rates of international tourism. Attractive package tours, competitive airfare attract more and more tourist day by days, therefore both the industry is expanding rapidly.
Transport policies and decisions of governments can make a big difference in the destinations available to tourists, for instance the Suvarnabhumi airport Bangkok, Thailand. Air transport is far advance than the transport mode. Air transport has revolutionized the geographical aspect of distances; the most remote areas can now be attained, any journey around the world can be measured in terms of hours of traveling. With jet that, can reach up to 1950 km/hrs, international tourism is no longer an on going adventure.
About 6.7 million jobs worldwide are in tourism industry directly supported by the spending of foreign visitors arriving by air. Taking into account both the overseas visors and work force employed it can be said that the Industry is giant in shape “The worlds largest industry of Travel and Tourism”. How big the airline industry and its market share are an example will give you a clear image - in a statistics it shown that, American Airlines saves US$40,000 in a year by eliminating one olive from each salad served in first class only. The role of international airlines in the total tourism business is to provide mass and quick transportation between countries under safe, standardized and economical conditions. Its relationship to the tourism industry is better understood by breaking down the entire activity of tourism into its component parts. Because of quick and efficient transportation, people are spurred to travel for various reasons as destinations have become more accessible. Some of these reasons to travel are Sightseeing - historical, cultural, social and technological sights Relaxation - beach and mountain resorts Sport - mountain, climbing, skiing, surfing, scuba diving Special Interest - Study tours on art, history, religion, culture and science. Shopping - personal and professional Business Governmental - political, cultural, social and scientific reasons. The travel industry requires an efficient infrastructure which put together constitutes the tourism industry which is the world's second largest industry. The infrastructure is thus: Each country has a point of prestige its national carrier. To name a few, they are Lufthansa of West Germany, British Airways of United Kingdom and Air France for France. In order that these carriers can fly to or over other countries to reach their destinations, Governments negotiate with each other to grant certain "freedoms".