History/Recent/Little Ice Age/Quiz

Little Ice Age is a lecture from the school of geology and the radiation astronomy department.

Winter was especially hard then; Europe was in the middle of a little ice age and it was much colder than today. Credit: Joos de Momper the younger.{{free media}}

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Quiz Edit


1 400 year sunspot history is measured with


2 Yes or No, The Archean and Proterozoic are both eons.


3 Winter was especially hard then; Europe was in the middle of a little ice age and it was much colder than


4 Geochronology is the science of applying dates in the past to?

5 True or False, The Hadean eon represents the time before fossil record of life on Earth; its upper boundary is now regarded as 4.0 Ga (billion years ago).


6 The Palaeozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic are eras of the?


7 There is a paucity of sunspots during 1800-1840. This interval of low sunspot numbers is known as the

Sunspot Minimum.

8 The two million year Quaternary period is the time of recognizable?

9 Complete the text:

Match up the geological time unit with the title:
Holocene - A
Gelasian - B
Paleogene - C
Triassic - D
Devonian - E
Archean - F
Precambrian - G
period of the Mesozoic





period of the Paleozoic



10 Orbitally forced cyclicity includes?

Jupiter-Venus conjunctions
chemical and physical proxies from sedimentary rock sequences
palaeoclimatic studies
marine Cenozoic sequences
meteorite impacts from the asteroid belt
spectral analysis of the magnetic susceptibility (MS) record

11 True or False, Ammonite zone duration estimates are made by counting the interpreted precession cycles.


12 The GSSP section near El Kef contains?

one main feature that allows for a direct correlation of this marine section with continental sections
the base of the Danian Stage
the base GSSP for the Paleogene
the base GSSP for the Tertiary
the base GSSP for the Paleocene
the Ir anomaly at the base of the Boundary Clay
the base GSSP for the Cenozoic

13 Yes or No, Hindeodus parvus is now recognized as the index fossil, occurring in the Zone above the P-T boundary.


14 Complete the text:

Match up the type of phenomena with the name:
Precambrian - A
Proterozoic - B
Adelaidean - C
Neoproterozoic - D
Ediacaran - E
Cryogenian - F
when algae and sponges flourished

marked by the build up of oxygen in the atmosphere

the Marinoan and the Sturtian

the time and geology dated before the Phanerozoic

the interglacial Tapley Hill Formation

the Delamerian Granites and the Adelaide Rift Complex


15 The Mesoproterozoic may include which of the following?

a geologic era within the Proterozoic eon
the Cambrian
the Calymmian, Ectasian and Stennian periods
the Rodinia supercontinent
the formation of the Moon
about 1600 to 900 million years ago

16 Phenomena associated with the Azoic?

have a gaseous atmosphere
destitute of any vestige of organic life, or at least of animal life
anterior to the existence of animal life
kamacite in meteorites
taenite in meteorites
formed when there was no animal life on the globe

17 Phenomena associated with the Archean include?

the eon from 2,500 Ma to 4,000 Ma
marked by an atmosphere with little oxygen
the Neoarchean came before the Mesoarchean
the Eoarchean came before the Paleoarchean
marked by the formation of the solar system
a stable Earth-Moon orbit

18 Which of the following is out of geochronological order?


19 A terrestrial planet is composed primarily of?

20 Which of the following is out of reverse geochronological order?


21 What phenomena may be associated with K/Pg boundary?

clay in the Geulhemmergroeve tunnels near Geulhem, The Netherlands
the Badlands near Drumheller, Alberta
the cliffs at Stevns
an extensive osmium layer
traces of Fe-Ni alloys
Trinidad Lake State Park, Colorado, USA

22 True or False, In the Greenland ice cores, the Pleistocene–Holocene transition is chronologically constrained between two clearly defined tephra horizons.


23 The Holocene starts at ~11,700 b2k and extends to the?

24 Which geological phenomena are associated with the Subboreal?

period around 850-760 BC
characterized by an increase in solar activity
a sharp increase of Δ 14C
characterized by a decrease in solar activity
preceded by the Subatlantic
solar forcing of climate change

25 The ancient history period dates from around 8,000 to 3,000?

26 Complete the text:

The Pre-boreal period marks the transition from the

climate of the Late-glacial to the

climate of the


27 The Chalcolithic is often referred to as the Copper?

28 Which geochemical phenomena are associated with the Younger Dryas?

during the Last Glacial Termination
an abrupt return to interglacial conditions
an abrupt return to glacial-like conditions
summer (1 May to 30 September) temperature dropped 5-6°C during less than two centuries
transition to a warmer, interglacial climate
indicated by changes in Neogloboquadrina pachyderma

29 Excess 14C in Cariaco Basin sediments indicates a slowing in thermohaline?

Hypotheses Edit

  1. Tephra layers may be the best geochronometer.

See also Edit

External links Edit

{{Archaeology resources}}

{{Radiation astronomy resources}}