A Heatmap understood literally shows the temperature difference on map, i.e. the color blue represents cold areas (e.g. North Pole) and areas with red colors represent hot area (e.g. Sahara). If we expand this concept of heat to other domains (e.g. risk maps) "cold" areas represent areas with low risk and red areas represent areas with high risks. A color scale is used to represent different intensity of a considered property. A heatmap for rainfall represents the amount of water reaching the surface by percipitation. In general a heatmap is spatial representation of the intensity of a quantified property.

Heatmap and temporal change as GIF animation - Frames of animation represent heat map at a specific time

Learning Task Edit

  • Explore the different types of heatmap and the application on Wikipedia.
  • For this learning resource a heatmap editor was implemented. It allows the exploration of an webbased generation of a heatmap. The heatmap editor does not store any user generated data on a server (see AppLSAC), so save the JSON file on your computer. Explore the earthquake heatmap first.
  • Now create you own heatmap by following the workflow below.

Workflow HeatMap Editor Edit

  • Download openlayer_heatmap.zip[1] and unzip to a folder of your choice (e.g. Documents/openlayer_heatmap).
  • Check out the example heatmap in (e.g. Documents/openlayer_heatmap/HeatMap/index.html)
  • Start HeatMap Editor
  • Add a new record to heatmap database by pressing the Add-button
  • Press Select Geolocation-button, zoom in and find Rome in Italy and click of Rome in the map (the geolocation is selected).
  • After the selected geolocation is return to the HeatMap editor, set the name Rome and the value 20.
  • Save the JSON-file for further editing or sharing the data with others (because data is stored in the browser only).ou will find a file mapobject.json in your Download Folder of the browser.
  • Save heatmap XML data by pressing Save HeatMap Data. You will find a file heatmap_data.kml in your Download Folder of the browser. There might be more than one file. The browser might enumerate the files heatmap_data_3.kml. Copy the file to Documents/openlayer_heatmap/HeatMap/heatmap_data.kml. If the file contains a number rename the file.
  • Start Documents/openlayer_heatmap/HeatMap/index.html again to see you new heatmap.

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. GitHub repository for the HeatMap Editor for the Wikiversity Learning Resource by Engelbert Niehaus (2018) - https://github.com/niebert/openlayer_heatmap (accessed 2017/01/08)