# Electronics/Inductors

The foundation of modern electrical engineering was the discovery by Faraday that when the magnetic flux through a loop of wire was varied, a voltage was set up in the wire. This process is called electromagnetic induction.

• A conductor wound in the form of a coil is called an inductor (or solenoid)
• An inductor has a strong magnetic field that has many uses
• Inductance opposes current change
• An inductor may have its inductance increased by:-
• introducing an iron core through the centre of the turns

## Inductance

Inductance is the property by which it opposes the change in current through a circuit.

${\displaystyle L=N{\frac {l}{A}}}$

L = Inductance in Henry N = Number of turns in wire coil A = Area of coil in square ² meter l = Average length of coil in meters

## Magnetic of Inductance

${\displaystyle B=I\cdot L}$

L = Inductor in Henrys

## Magnetic of Turns

Φ = N B A

A-area of cross section of the coil

## Voltage of Coil's Inductance

${\displaystyle {\frac {dB}{dt}}={\frac {dIL}{dt}}=L{\frac {dI}{dt}}+I{\frac {dL}{dt}}=L{\frac {dI}{dt}}}$  = -ξ

## Voltage of Coil's Turns

${\displaystyle {\frac {d\phi }{dt}}={\frac {dNBA}{dt}}=A(N{\frac {dB}{dt}}+B{\frac {dN}{dt}})=AN{\frac {dB}{dt}}}$

## Reactance

${\displaystyle {\frac {V}{I}}={\frac {L{\frac {dI}{dt}}}{I}}=j\omega L}$

## Impedance

${\displaystyle Z_{C}=R_{C}+X_{L}=R_{L}+j\omega L}$

## Phase Angle

For an inductor without resistance, the voltage and current is out of phase by 90o (π/2 radians).

For an inductor with resistance, the voltage and current is out of phase by θ:

Tan θ = ${\displaystyle {\omega L}{R}}$  = 2πf L/RL

When there is a change of angle, the frequency also changes. This can be used to shift the frequency:

f = ( 2π / Tanθ ) ( RL / L )

As frequency is one over time:

t = ( Tanθ / 2π ) (L / RL )

## Frequency Response

${\displaystyle \omega =0,X_{L}=0}$ , Shorted Circuit. I = 0
${\displaystyle \omega =00,X_{L}=00}$ , Opened Circuit. I ‡ 0
${\displaystyle \omega =0,X_{L}=R_{L}}$ , Shorted Circuit. I = V / 2 RL

I - can be drawn, at certain frequency the value of current does not change with. So this circuit can be used as a high pass filter.