Design and Analysis of Algorithms

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Donald Knuth lists, in the preface of The Art of Computer Programming Vol 3, the following as the important questions of design and analysis of algorithms[1]:

  • How are good algorithms discovered?
  • How can given algorithms and programs be improved?
  • How can the efficiency of algorithms be analyzed mathematically?
  • How can a person chose rationally between different algorithms for the same task?
  • In what senses can algorithms be proved "best possible"?
  • How does the theory of computing interact with practical considerations?
  • How can external memories like tapes, drums, or disks be used efficiently with large databases?
Edsger Dijkstra invented the shortest-path algorithm that bears his name. He also made contributions to formal specification and verification, algorithm design, programming languages, program design, operating systems, and distributed processing. Much of his writing is free to access at the E.W. Dijkstra Archive.

Course OutlineEdit


Mathematical FoundationsEdit


Divide and Conquer MethodsEdit

Greedy MethodsEdit

Pattern MatchingEdit


Graph AlgorithmsEdit

Dynamic ProgrammingEdit


Approximation algorithmsEdit

Maximum Bipartite MatchingEdit

Problems SetsEdit

solve the recurrence equuation for t(n)=2t(n-1)+n2^n+n^2



Free textbooks:

  • Algorithms by S. Dasgupta, C.H. Papadimitriou, and U.V. Vazirani

Supplementary MaterialsEdit

Related WebsitesEdit


  1. Donald Knuth. The Art of Computer Programming, Volume 3: Sorting and Searching, Third Edition. Addison-Wesley, 1997. ISBN 0-201-89685-0. Preface, pp.v.

See alsoEdit