Civil engineering is the term for the work of planning, designing and building infrastructure. It usually means large structures, like bridges, dams, buildings, towers and tunnels. It also covers complicated networks such as water, irrigation, transportation and sewerage networks. Civil engineers can be involved in all stages in the life of infrastructure, from planning and construction to maintenance and demolition.
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Civil engineers are responsible for lots of the things that are required for a society to function properly. Safe water supplies, sewage treatment, roads, railways and buildings are all part of civil engineering.
To be a professional in civil engineering requires study at a university or college. Civil engineers often study subjects like structures, hydraulics, geotechnics, surveying, materials, physics and calculus.
The profession of civil engineering is represented by professional bodies in various countries. In the UK the Institution of Civil Engineers promotes civil engineering as a discipline and supports engineers throughout their careers. The American Society of Civil Engineers performs a similar task in the USA.