Bengali Language/Verbs/Perfect Aspect



The Perfect Aspect Stem is created in the following manner :

Steps Example
1. The verb that is to be conjugated in the perfect aspect, we take its infinitive form and remove the -aa ending bawlaa --> bawl-
2. To this new root, we add -e bawl- + -e --> bole
Note : the ending -e transforms the previous vowel in the root
3. Now to this we add the perfect aspect marker fel-, raakh-/rekh-, ni-, di-, poR-, gi-, esh-
We have now the Perfect Aspect Stem
Not all of these markers can be attached to all verbs.
bole fel-, bole raakh-/rekh-, bole ni-, bole di-, bole gi-, bole esh- (bole poR- is not possible in Bengali)

Table of allowable Perfect Aspect Markers for different verbs


Here is an incomplete but expanding list which shows which verbs are allowed to join with which perfect aspect markers (PAM)

Verb (infinitive) PAM fel- PAM raakh-/rekh- PAM ni- PAM di- PAM poR- PAM gi- PAM ash-/esh-
"to speak"
bole fel- bole raakh-/rekh- bole ni- bole di- X bole gi- bole ash-/esh-
"to eat/drink"
kheye fel- kheye raakh-/rekh- kheye ni- kheye di- X kheye gi- kheye ash-/esh-
"to do"
kore fel- kore raakh-/rekh- kore ni- kore di- X kore gi- kore ash-/esh-
"to take"
niye fel- niye raakh-/rekh- niye ni- X X X niye ash-/esh-
"to give"
diye fel- X X diye di- X X diye ash-/esh-
"to catch/hold"
dhore fel- dhore raakh-/rekh- X X X X X
"to be"
X X X X hoye poR- hoye gi- X
"to get up"
X X X X uThe poR- uThe gi- uThe ash-/esh-
"to come"
X X X X eshe poR- eshe gi- X
"to arrive/reach"
X X X X X pouchhe gi- X