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Animal Phyla/Kinorhyncha

Paracentrophyes quadridentatus, a mud dragon.
  • Kinorhyncha
  • Name Meaning: Motion snout
  • English Common Name: Mud dragons
  • Major distinguishing characteristics: Eleven segments, each with a dorsal plate
  • Approximate number of species described: about 150

Natural HistoryEdit

The Kinorhyncha are widespread in mud or sand at all depths in marine waters. They live in the sand or mud.

TaxonomyEdit

The Phylum is divided into two orders.

  • Order Cyclorhagida
  • Order Allomalorhagida

AnatomyEdit

Mud dragons are segmented and limbless. They have a body with three parts, the head, neck, and a trunk of eleven segments.

They do not have cilia, but do have a number of spines along the body, plus up to 7 circles of spines around the head. These spines are used for locomotion.

The Fossil RecordEdit

There is apparently no fossil record of these very small animals.

QuizEdit

References and Further ReadingEdit