Active aggression is harming others by performing a behaviour.
Aggression is any behaviour intended to harm another person who is motivated to avoid the harm.
Antisocial behaviour is behaviour that either damages interpersonal relationships or is culturally undesirable.
Cultural of honour is a society that places high value on individual respect, strength and virtue, and accepts and justifies violent action in repose to threats to one’s honor.
Deindividuation is a sense of anonymity and loss of individuality, as in a large group, making people especially likely to engage in antisocial behaviours.
Descriptive norms are norms that specify what most people do.
Displaced aggression (kicking the dog effect) is attacking a different or innocent target rather than the original source of anger.
Fight or flight syndrome is a response to stress that involves aggressing against others or running away.
Frustration-aggression hypothesis is the proposal that “the occurrence of aggressive behaviour always presupposes the existence of frustration,” and “the existence of frustration always leads to some form of aggression”.
Hostile aggression is “hot”, impulsive, angry behaviour that is motivated by a desire to harm someone.
Hostile attribution bias is the tendency to perceive ambiguous actions by others as aggressive.
Hostile perception bias is the tendency to perceive social interactions in general as being aggressive.
Hostile expectation bias is the tendency to assume that people will react to potential conflicts with aggression.
Humiliation is a state of disgrace or loss of self-respect (or of respect from others).
Injunction norms are norms that specify what most other approve or disapprove of.
Instrumental aggression is “cold” premeditated, calculated harmful behaviour that is a means to some practical or material end.
Magnitude gap is the difference in outcomes between the perpetrator and the victim – the victim loses more than the perpetrator gains.
Modeling is observing and copying or imitating the behaviour of others.
Norms are social standards that prescribe what people ought to do.
Passive aggression is harming others by withholding a behaviour.
Relational aggression is intentionally harming someone’s relationships with others.
Running amok is the behaviour of a young man who becomes “uncontrollably” violence after receiving a blow to his ego.
Tend and befriend syndrome is a response to stress that involves nurturing others and making friends.
Triggered displaced aggression is a form of displaced aggression in which the (second) target has committed a minor offence.
Weapons effect is the increase in aggression that occurs as a result of the mere presence of a weapon.