Radiation astronomy/Courses/Principles/Syllabus/Fall

For those wishing to take a formally structured undergraduate university semester-length course, this is the Fall offering for principles of radiation astronomy.

This is an infrared composite of Uranus obtained with Keck Observatory adaptive optics. Credit: Lawrence Sromovsky, University of Wisconsin-Madison/ W. M. Keck Observatory.{{fairuse}}

General course details may be found at the Syllabus.

August 22, 2022, MondayEdit

The 15" refractor at Comanche Springs Astronomy Campus had its finder scope (a Stellarvue 80/9D achromat) equipped with a Baader Herschel Solar Wedge and a Solar Continuum Filter for today's transit of Venus. Credit: Jeff Barton from Richardson, TX, USA.{{free media}}

August 23, 2022, TuesdayEdit

Arcs rise above an active region on the surface of the Sun in this series of images taken by the STEREO (Behind) spacecraft. Credit: Images courtesy of the NASA STEREO Science Center.{{free media}}

August 24, 2022, WednesdayEdit

Cluster is of the Pneumatic Machine (Antlia, originally Antlia Pneumatica). Credit: Atlas of the Universe.{{free media}}

August 25, 2022, ThursdayEdit

The image shows an example of jellyfish lightning or sprites. Credit: H. H. C. Stenbaek-Nielsen.{{fairuse}}
  • Problem set: Energy phantoms, solutions including work steps due on September 1, 2022.

August 26, 2022, FridayEdit

The irregular galaxy NGC 1427A is passing through the Fornax cluster at nearly 600 kilometers per second (400 miles per second). Credit: NASA, ESA, and The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA).{{free media}}

August 29, 2022, MondayEdit

Messier 106 is one of the brightest and nearest spiral galaxies to our own. Credit: NASA, ESA, the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA), and R. Gendler (for the Hubble Heritage Team).{{free media}}

August 30, 2022, TuesdayEdit

This composite image shows a vast cloud of hot gas (X-ray/red) of NGC 507. Credit: NASA/CXC/Stanford U./S.Allen et al.{{free media}}
  • Laboratory: Cratering, report is due on September 6, 2022.

August 31, 2022, WednesdayEdit

This image shows an example of a bipolar planetary nebula known as PN Hb 12 in Cassiopeia. Credit: NASA, ESA, and A. Zijlstra (The University of Manchester).{{free media}}

September 1, 2022, ThursdayEdit

This is a wide-field image in the region of NGC 3603 taken on the ground by the Digitized Sky Survey 2. Credit: NASA, ESA, and the Digitized Sky Survey 2.{{free media}}

September 2, 2022, FridayEdit

This is a Hubble Space Telescope Image of NGC 4414. Credit: Hubble Heritage Team (AURA/STScI/NASA).{{free media}}

September 5, 2022, MondayEdit

Hubble Space Telescope image shows nebula M1-67 around Wolf–Rayet star WR 124. Credit: Judy Schmidt.{{free media}}

September 6, 2022, TuesdayEdit

The diffuse X-ray emission from the central star inside NGC 6826 seen with the Chandra X-ray Observatory caused by shock waves as a wind from the hot remnant of the star collides with the ejected atmosphere. Credit: J. Kastner, et al.{{fairuse}}

September 7, 2022, WednesdayEdit

This is a TRACE image of the coronal arcade structure in the flare on Bastille Day, 1998. Credit: NASA.{{free media}}

September 8, 2022, ThursdayEdit

This image of coronal loops observed by the Transition Region And Coronal Explorer (TRACE) shows that not all rays travel in straight lines. Credit: NASA.{{free media}}

September 9, 2022, FridayEdit

Colour distribution of centaurs is shown. Credit: Eurocommuter~commonswiki.{{free media}}

September 12, 2022, MondayEdit

This composite image shows an exoplanet (the red spot on the lower left), orbiting the brown dwarf 2M1207 (centre). Credit: ESO.{{free media}}

September 13, 2022, TuesdayEdit

Diagram shows the local clouds of matter that the Solar System is moving through, with arrows indicating cloud motion. Credit: NASA/Goddard/Adler/U. Chicago/Wesleyan.{{free media}}

September 14, 2022, WednesdayEdit

An emission nebula is shown. Credit: NASA, ESA and Jesœs Maz Apellÿniz (Instituto de astrofsica de Andaluca, Spain). Acknowledgement: Davide De Martin (ESA/Hubble).{{free media}}

September 15, 2022, ThursdayEdit

Imaged is the cloud structure in the Venusian atmosphere in 1979, revealed by ultraviolet observations by Pioneer Venus Orbiter. Credit: NASA.{{free media}}

September 16, 2022, FridayEdit

Polar view is of 2014 MU69. Credit: Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory.{{free media}}

September 19, 2022, MondayEdit

Asteroid Bennu imaged by the OSIRIS-REx probe on arrival 3 December 2018. Credit: NASA/Goddard/University of Arizona.{{free media}}

September 20, 2022, TuesdayEdit

Comet Borrelly is imaged by Deep Space 1 revealing no surface ice. Credit: NASA/JPL.{{free media}}

September 21, 2022, WednesdayEdit

Satellite image shows an unusual high-pressure area south of Australia. Credit: NASA, MODIS Rapid Response System.{{free media}}

September 22, 2022, ThursdayEdit

Coal devil occurs in Mongolia. Credit: Texasbob.{{free media}}

September 23, 2022, FridayEdit

Planetary geologist and NASA astronaut Harrison "Jack" Schmitt collects lunar samples during the Apollo 17 mission. Credit: NASA.{{free media}}

September 26, 2022, MondayEdit

Iron(III) oxides and oxyhydroxides, such as these cliffs of ochre, are common catalysts in photogeochemical reactions. Credit: Mirandacherry.{{free media}}

September 27, 2022, TuesdayEdit

World map showing frequency of lightning strikes, in flashes per km² per year (equal-area projection), from combined 1995–2003 data from the Optical Transient Detector and 1998–2003 data from the Lightning Imaging Sensor. Credit: Citynoise.{{free media}}
  • Laboratory: Galaxies, report is due on October 4, 2022.

September 28, 2022, WednesdayEdit

Radiant point is from August 8, 2006. Credit: Olga Berrios.{{free media}}

September 29, 2022, ThursdayEdit

Meteosat 8/EUMETSAT infrared image is of the explosion. Credit: EUMETSAT.{{fairuse}}

September 30, 2022, FridayEdit

The Andromedids of 27 November 1872 is a product of the breakup of Biela's Comet several decades previously. Credit: Amedee Guillemin.{{free media}}

October 3, 2022, MondayEdit

Inpe said it had detected more than 74,000 fires between January and August - the highest number since records began in 2013. Credit: Reporter, Reuters.{{fairuse}}

October 4, 2022, TuesdayEdit

Boulder of diamictite of the Precambrian Mineral Fork Formation is lithified glacial till, along the Elephant Head Trail, Antelope Island, Utah. Credit: Jstuby.{{free media}}

October 5, 2022, WednesdayEdit

This image of Centaurus A shows a spectacular new view of a supermassive black hole's power. Credit: ESO/WFI (Optical); MPIfR/ESO/APEX/A.Weiss et al. (Submillimetre); NASA/CXC/CfA/R.Kraft et al. (X-ray).{{free media}}

October 6, 2022, ThursdayEdit

Wisps of green are organic molecules called Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) that have been illuminated by the nearby star formation. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/L. Cieza (Univ. of Texas at Austin)).{{free media}}
  • Problem set: Unusual units, solutions including work steps due on October 13, 2022.

October 7, 2022, FridayEdit

This image is a satellite photo of lake-effect snow bands near the Korean Peninsula. Credit: NASA.{{free media}}

October 10, 2022, MondayEdit

Eddies in the Weddell Sea are near Antarctica. Credit: NASA.{{free media}}

October 11, 2022, TuesdayEdit

This is a graph of the global mean atmospheric water vapor superimposed on an outline of the Earth. Credit: NASA.{{free media}}

October 12, 2022, WednesdayEdit

This computer-generated diagram of internal rotation in the Sun shows differential rotation in the outer convective region and almost uniform rotation in the central radiative region. Credit: Global Oscillation Network Group (GONG).{{free media}}

October 13, 2022, ThursdayEdit

Positron astronomy results have been obtained using the INTEGRAL spectrometer SPI shown. Credit: Medialab, ESA.{{fairuse}}

October 14, 2022, FridayEdit

This Chandra X-ray Observatory image is the first X-ray image ever made of Venus. Credit: NASA/MPE/K.Dennerl et al.{{free media}}

October 17, 2022, MondayEdit

This image is an all-sky map of neutral atoms streaming in from the interstellar boundary. Credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio.{{free media}}

October 18, 2022, TuesdayEdit

A mechanism is suggested for anomalous cosmic rays (ACRs) of the acceleration of pick-up ions at the solar wind termination shock. Credit: Eric R. Christian.{{fairuse}}
  • Laboratory: Meteorites, report is due on October 25, 2022.

This quiz is for lectures up through and including optical astronomy (1-24), the prior weeks laboratories, quiz section lectures from the course beginning through and including interplanetary medium, lessons and problem sets through and including those due previously to today.

October 19, 2022, WednesdayEdit

The Moon's cosmic ray shadow. Credit: J. H. Cobb et al. (The Soudan 2 Collaboration).{{fairuse}}

October 20, 2022, ThursdayEdit

Platinum isotope abundances allowed a correction to the silver isotope measurements for distortions caused by cosmic irradiation. Credit: NASA.{{fairuse}}

October 21, 2022, FridayEdit

The trace of a single alpha particle was obtained in a spark chamber specially made for alpha particles. Credit: Wolfhart Willimczik.{{free media}}

October 24, 2022, MondayEdit

The eight toroid magnets can be seen surrounding the calorimeter that is later moved into the middle of the detector. Credit: Maximilien Brice.{{free media}}

October 25, 2022, TuesdayEdit

AMS-02 is a RICH detector for analyzing cosmic rays. Credit: NASA.{{free media}}

October 26, 2022, WednesdayEdit

The gadolinium in gadolinite is a natural neutron absorber. Credit: WesternDevil.{{free media}}

October 27, 2022, ThursdayEdit

This image contains polar maps of thermal and epithermal neutrons as detected by the Mars Odyssey spacecraft in orbit around Mars. The images are from July 22, 2009. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech.{{free media}}
  • Problem set: Cosmic circuits, solutions including work steps due on November 3, 2022.

October 28, 2022, FridayEdit

This graph displays the flux of high energy protons measured by GOES 11 over four days from November 2, 2003, to November 5, 2003. Credit: NOAA.{{free media}}

October 31, 2022, MondayEdit

The grand-canonical phase diagram of hadronic matter is a function of temperature and of the isospin and baryonic chemical potentials. Credit: Massimo Mannarelli.{{fairuse}}

November 1, 2022, TuesdayEdit

The second of three ANITA missions as part of NASA’s Antarctica Long Duration Balloon Flight Campaign was successfully launched at 8:10 a.m. EDT, Dec. 2, 2016. Credit: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center from Greenbelt, MD, USA.{{free media}}

November 2, 2022, WednesdayEdit

Equatorial skymap of neutrino-induced muon events from 295 days of ANTARES data in 2007/2008. Credit: Christian Spiering.{{fairuse}}

November 3, 2022, ThursdayEdit

A region of the sky called the "Lockman Hole", located in the constellation of Ursa Major, is one of the areas surveyed in infrared light by the Herschel Space Observatory. Credit: ESA/Herschel/SPIRE/HerMES.{{free media}}
  • Problem set: Column densities, solutions including work steps due on November 10, 2022.

November 4, 2022, FridayEdit

In this photograph is recorded the first use of a hydrogen bubble chamber to detect neutrinos, on November 13, 1970. A neutrino hit a proton in a hydrogen atom. The collision occurred at the point where three tracks emanate on the right of the photograph. Credit: Argonne National Laboratory.{{free media}}

November 7, 2022, MondayEdit

These two hemispheric Lambert azimuthal equal area projections show the total magnetic field strength at the surface of the Moon, derived from the Lunar Prospector electron reflectometer (ER) experiment. Credit: Mark A. Wieczorek.{{free media}}

November 8, 2022, TuesdayEdit

In the shadows, the Moon charges negatively in the interplanetary medium. Credit: Mdf.{{free media}}

November 9, 2022, WednesdayEdit

This is a high-energy gamma radiation allsky image about the Earth, taken from Energetic Gamma Ray Experiment Telescope on the NASA’s Compton Gamma Ray Observatory satellite. Credit: United States Department of Energy.{{free media}}

November 10, 2022, ThursdayEdit

The image shows a cap-off view of the insides of a spectrograph. Credit: Buil/AstroSurf.{{fairuse}}

November 11, 2022, FridayEdit

A full-disk multiwavelength extreme ultraviolet image of the sun taken by SDO on March 30, 2010. Credit: NASA/Goddard/SDO AIA Team.{{free media}}

November 14, 2022, MondayEdit

This VLA image from a torus-shaped belt around Jupiter's equator doesn't look like a planetary disk at all. Credit: NRAO.{{fairuse}}

November 15, 2022, TuesdayEdit

Emergence of IC 310 is captured in a series of images. Credit: A. Neronov et al. and NASA/DOE/LAT collaboration.{{fairuse}}

November 16, 2022, WednesdayEdit

Gamma rays are emitted during radioactive decay processes such as those occurring in nuclear explosions. Credit: National Nuclear Security Administration, USA.{{free media}}

November 17, 2022, ThursdayEdit

This is an image of quasar 3C 279 in gamma rays. Credit: NASA EGRET Compton observatory team.{{free media}}
  • Problem set: Planck's equation, solutions including work steps due on November 24, 2022.

November 18, 2022, FridayEdit

This visible-light image of the Fireworks galaxy (NGC 6946) comes from the Digital Sky Survey and is overlaid with data from NASA's NuSTAR observatory (shown in blue and green). Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech.{{free media}}

November 21, 2022, MondayEdit

This is a FUV image of the Sun. Credit: NASA/SDO/AIA.{{free media}}

November 22, 2022, TuesdayEdit

The images show proof of concept using adaptive optics to enhance the resolution of the International Space Station. Credit: David Dayton, John Gonglewski, Sergio Restaino, Jeffrey Martin, James Phillips, Mary Hartman, Stephen Browne, Paul Kervin, Joshua Snodgrass, Nevin Heimann, Michael Shilko, Richard Pohle, Bill Carrion, Clint Smith, and Daniel Thiel.{{fairuse}}

November 23, 2022, WednesdayEdit

The frame demonstrates an example of visual snow-like noise. Credit: Aza~commonswiki.{{free media}}

November 24, 2022, ThursdayEdit

Visual image of Earth in natural color from Apollo 17. Credit: NASA/Apollo 17 crew.{{free media}}

November 25, 2022, FridayEdit

Cherenkov radiation glows in the core of the Advanced Test Reactor. Credit: Matt Howard.{{free media}}

November 28, 2022, MondayEdit

This image shows the blue water ice, or blue ice, of a glacier. Credit: McKay Savage from London, UK.{{free media}}

November 29, 2022, TuesdayEdit

Images of Hanny's Voorwerp in Leo Minor and IC 2497 are taken by the Wide Field Camera 3 of the Hubble Space Telescope. Credit: NASA, ESA, W. Keel (University of Alabama), and the Galaxy Zoo Team.{{free media}}

November 30, 2022, WednesdayEdit

As sediment disperses into the Gulf of Mexico, the water fades to green and then black. Credit: NASA image courtesy the MODIS Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC.{{free media}}

December 1, 2022, ThursdayEdit

Gases above Io's surface produced a ghostly glow that could be seen at visible wavelengths (red, green, and violet). Credit: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona.{{free media}}
  • Problem set: Radiation dosage, solutions including work steps due on December 8, 2022.

December 2, 2022, FridayEdit

This image shows a cluster of yellow galaxies near the middle of the photograph. Credit: STScl/NASA.{{free media}}

December 5, 2022, MondayEdit

The image shows the Namib-Naukluft National Park is full color. Credit: NASA/GSFC/MITI/ERSDAC/JAROS, and U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team.{{free media}}

December 6, 2022, TuesdayEdit

Rho Cassiopeiae is a semi-regular pulsating star of spectral class G2Ia0e. Credit: Aladin at SIMBAD.{{fairuse}}

December 7, 2022, WednesdayEdit

The Trifid Nebula is a giant star-forming cloud of gas and dust located 5,400 light-years away in the constellation Sagittarius. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/J. Rho (SSC/Caltech).{{free media}}

December 8, 2022, ThursdayEdit

This is a visual image of the Sun with some sunspots visible on the photosphere. The two small spots in the middle have about the same diameter as our planet Earth. Credit: NASA.{{free media}}
  • Problem set: Star jumping, solutions including work steps due on December 15, 2022.

December 9, 2022, FridayEdit

Images from the Smithsonian's Submillimeter Array (SMA) telescope provide the most detailed view yet of stellar nurseries within the Snake nebula. Credit: Jean-Charles Cuillandre (CFHT), Hawaiian Starlight, CFHT; Spitzer/GLIMPSE/MIPS, Herschel/HiGal, Ke Wang (ESO).{{fairuse}}

December 12, 2022, MondayEdit

The image shows charged particles moving along the galaxy's magnetic field. Credit: ESA/NASA/JPL-Caltech.{{fairuse}}

December 13, 2022, TuesdayEdit

This all-sky image shows the distribution of carbon monoxide (CO). Credit: ESA/Planck Collaboration.{{fairuse}}
  • Hourly: Principles of radiation astronomy hourly 3 for lectures 33-48, including quiz section lectures, lessons (except the last one), problem sets (except the last one), and laboratories not included in the first two hourlies.

December 14, 2022, WednesdayEdit

The quiet Sun at 4.6 GHz imaged by the VLA with a resolution of 12 arcsec, or about 8400 km on the surface of the Sun. Credit: NRAO.{{fairuse}}

December 15, 2022, ThursdayEdit

This image shows a cross-section of a portion of the north polar ice cap of Mars. Credit: NASA.{{free media}}

December 16, 2022, FridayEdit

O3 Superevents are from LIGO & Virgo. Credit: Spto.{{free media}}

December 19, 2022, MondayEdit

In the time-lapse sequence, micro-quasar GRS1915 expels bubbles of hot gas in spectacular jets. Credit: R. Spencer (U. Manchester) et al., MERLIN, Jodrell Bank.{{fairuse}}

December 20, 2022, TuesdayEdit

Superluminal motion in quasar 3C279 is shown in a "movie" mosaic of five radio images made over seven years. Credit: NRAO/AUI.{{fairuse}}

December 23, 2022, FridayEdit

The surface of the Sun emits infrared. Credit: National Solar Observatory, Kitt Peak, Arizona, USA.{{fairuse}}

Alternate examinations that may be used by your college or university for credit (and a grade) in this course will be available from Wikiversity by courier for closed, proctored session testing of proficiency.


  1. By subpaging as many of the lectures in this course as possible under radiation astronomy the overall popularity of the course, or lecture set, can be compared with other lecture sets here at Wikiversity.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

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{{Radiation astronomy resources}}{{Technology resources}}