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This is a photograph of the skeleton of Alligator prenasalis. Credit: Ghedoghedo.

Paleontology is a lecture and an article as part of the gene transcription series.

You are free to take this quiz based on the paleontology at any time.

To improve your score, read and study the lecture, the links contained within, listed under See also, External links, and in the {{geology resources}} or {{gene project}} template. This should give you adequate background to get 100 %.

As a "learning by doing" resource, this quiz helps you to assess your knowledge and understanding of the information, and it is a quiz you may take over and over as a learning resource to improve your knowledge, understanding, test-taking skills, and your score.

Suggestion: Have the lecture available in a separate window.

To master the information and use only your memory while taking the quiz, try rewriting the information from more familiar points of view, or be creative with association.

Enjoy learning by doing!




Which of the following are phenomena associated with mollusks?

a structured nervous system
a prominent head
bilateral body symmetry
muscular hydrostats
a mantle with a cavity for breathing and excretion


The portion of a promoter in which paleontology is likely to be found is which of the following?

dispersed promoter
proximal promoter
downstream promoter
distal promoter
focused promoter
core promoter


Several promoter elements have been previously identified in eukaryotes, but those cannot account for transcription from most RNA polymerase II-transcribed


Yes or No, Some paleontologies are located in the dispersed promoter.



Which of the following is not a transcriptional characteristic of paleontology?

located between nucleotides -8 and +2 relative to the transcriptional start site (+1)
in eukaryotes
TATA-less genes
a consensus sequence


Complete the text:

Paleontology is a large subject due to the inclusion of

from the

record, taxonomic

of these fossils, and the

find of residual

material that sometimes contains



Complete the text:

Match up the type of promoter or promoter element with each of the possibilities below:
TATA box - A
initiator element - B
enhancers and inhibitors - C
downstream elements - D
General transcription factor II D - E
ATA box - F
downstream core promoter

includes the transcription start site

proximal promoter

distal promoter

core promoter

usually 25 nucleotides upstream



Which of the following are phenomena associated with paleontology?

transcription of A1BG
directs activator-dependent but TFIID-independent transcription
TATA box-less promoters
initiator element
mediator dependence
core promoter


True or False, Paleontology genes are found in the promoter regions of at least 1% of human genes.



Complete the text:

Match up the type of cephalopod with each of the possibilities below:
Agoniatite - A
Ammonite - B
Belemnoid - C
Ceratite - D
Clymeniid - E
Coleoid - F
Goniatite - G
Lytocerate - H
Nautiloid - I
Nostoceratid - J
Phyllocerate - K
Prolecanites - L














  1. Something may be a fossil if it is discovered in sediment.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit