Fundamental Physics/Quantum

Quantum

A massless quantity of a constant value known as Plank's constant

Notation

$h$

Value of h

$h=constant$

Mathematical formula

$h=p\lambda ={\frac {E}{C}}\lambda$

Quantum energy or Photon

Represents the energy of electromagnetic heat

$E=hf=h{\frac {C}{\lambda }}$

From above,

$E\lambda =hC$

Heat energy wave of a massless quantity known as quantum travels at a fast speed equals to speed of visible light

Characteristic

Wave-Particle duality

Quanta processes Wave-Particle duality . Quanta exists as wave or particle

Some time Quanta behaves as a particle

$p={\frac {h}{\lambda }}$

Some other time Quanta behaves as a wave

$\lambda ={\frac {h}{p}}={\frac {C}{f}}$

Photon's state

Photon represents quantum's energy

$E=hf$

Which can be found in 2 states Radiant photon and no-radiant photon . Radiant photon generates light just like visible light . Non-radiant photon generates electricity

• Radiant photon . $E=hf_{o}.f_{o}={\frac {C}{\lambda _{o}}}$
• Non - radiant photon . $E=hf.f_{o}={\frac {C}{\lambda }}$